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Measuring the quality of port hinterland accessibility: The Ligurian case

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  • Ferrari, C.
  • Parola, F.
  • Gattorna, E.

Abstract

Traditionally, distance was considered the parameter that could better reflect the economic influence of a seaport on land. Containerisation and intermodality progressively eroded such a paradigm and currently distance became only one of the factors across the overall "equation". In this respect, a fundamental role is played by the effectiveness of inland connections. The better the connection of a port to the various inland markets, the bigger the potential to enlarge its overall captive area. Furthermore, the higher the "frictions" (bottlenecks, delays, etc.) for reaching the hinterland, the lower the inland traffic flows. The major purpose of the paper is to measure container traffic diversion from Ligurian ports (Genoa, La Spezia and Savona) to the main Italian and European competitors. The application of a gravity model will reveal the current role of distance in drawing hinterland market share among the selected ports. Moreover, for evaluating the unexploited potentialities of Ligurian ports, we compared real traffic flows with the outcomes of a spatial interaction model, reassigning inland container flows to the different sampled ports. The calculation of the traffic delta through a gap analysis, allowed measuring the "frictions" thwarting the connectivity between the Ligurian ports and the sampled hinterland regions. Finally, the paper discusses the nature and the reasons for the above traffic diversion.

Suggested Citation

  • Ferrari, C. & Parola, F. & Gattorna, E., 2011. "Measuring the quality of port hinterland accessibility: The Ligurian case," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 382-391, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:18:y:2011:i:2:p:382-391
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. A G Wilson, 1971. "A family of spatial interaction models, and associated developments," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 3(1), pages 1-32, January.
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    6. Claudio Ferrari & Francesco Parola & Elena Morchio, 2006. "Southern European Ports and the Spatial Distribution of EDCs," Maritime Economics & Logistics, Palgrave Macmillan;International Association of Maritime Economists (IAME), vol. 8(1), pages 60-81, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Talley, Wayne K. & Ng, ManWo, 2017. "Hinterland transport chains: Determinant effects on chain choice," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 185(C), pages 175-179.
    2. Yang, Jinglei & Luo, Meifeng & Ji, Abing, 2016. "Analyzing the spatial–temporal evolution of a gateway’s hinterland: A case study of Shanghai, China," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 355-367.
    3. Kashiha, Mona & Thill, Jean-Claude & Depken, Craig A., 2016. "Shipping route choice across geographies: Coastal vs. landlocked countries," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 1-14.
    4. Wang, Grace W.Y. & Zeng, Qingcheng & Li, Kevin & Yang, Jinglei, 2016. "Port connectivity in a logistic network: The case of Bohai Bay, China," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 341-354.
    5. Halim, Ronald A. & Kwakkel, Jan H. & Tavasszy, Lóránt A., 2016. "A strategic model of port-hinterland freight distribution networks," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 368-384.

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