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Is default risk acceptable when purchasing insurance? Experimental evidence for different probability representations, reasons for default, and framings

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  • Zimmer, Anja
  • Schade, Christian
  • Gründl, Helmut

Abstract

We experimentally analyze consumers' reactions to insurance default risk. Consistent with earlier studies, we find that insurance with default risk is extremely unattractive to most individuals. A considerable fraction of consumers completely refuse to accept any default risk; others ask for large reductions in insurance premiums. These findings are robust against several variations of the setup: probability representations (verbal and numeric), reasons for default (insolvency and claim settlement practices), framing (positively and negatively expressed probability of default), and comparisons between the policy's level of default and that of an alternative (default free and small default risk). The major driver of willingness to pay is level of security concern and decisions are sensitive to the default probability. All other effects on willingness to pay are unsystematic.

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  • Zimmer, Anja & Schade, Christian & Gründl, Helmut, 2009. "Is default risk acceptable when purchasing insurance? Experimental evidence for different probability representations, reasons for default, and framings," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 11-23, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:joepsy:v:30:y:2009:i:1:p:11-23
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    Cited by:

    1. Martin Eling & David Pankoke, 2016. "Costs and Benefits of Financial Regulation: An Empirical Assessment for Insurance Companies," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan;The Geneva Association, vol. 41(4), pages 529-554, October.
    2. Tian Zhou-Richter & Mark J. Browne & Helmut Gründl, 2010. "Don't They Care? Or, Are They Just Unaware? Risk Perception and the Demand for Long-Term Care Insurance," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 77(4), pages 715-747.
    3. Dong, Ming, 2014. "Market reaction to transparency: An empirical study on life insurance demand in Europe," ICIR Working Paper Series 17/14, Goethe University Frankfurt, International Center for Insurance Regulation (ICIR).
    4. repec:eee:ejores:v:266:y:2018:i:2:p:761-774 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Zhou-Richter, Tian & Gründl, Helmut, 2011. "Life care annuities: Trick or treat for insurance companies?," ICIR Working Paper Series 04/11, Goethe University Frankfurt, International Center for Insurance Regulation (ICIR).
    6. Johannes G. Jaspersen, 2016. "Hypothetical Surveys And Experimental Studies Of Insurance Demand: A Review," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 83(1), pages 217-255, January.
    7. Christian Knoller, 2016. "MULTIPLE REFERENCE POINTS AND THE DEMAND FOR PRINCIPAL-PROTECTED LIFE ANNUITIES: An EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 83(1), pages 163-179, January.
    8. Biener, Christian & Landmann, Andreas & Santana, Maria Isabel, 2017. "Contract Nonperformance Risk and Ambiguity in Insurance Markets," Working Papers on Finance 1701, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
    9. Burren, Daniel, 2013. "Insurance demand and welfare-maximizing risk capital—Some hints for the regulator in the case of exponential preferences and exponential claims," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(3), pages 551-568.
    10. Delis, Manthos D. & Mylonidis, Nikolaos, 2015. "Trust, happiness, and households’ financial decisions," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 82-92.
    11. Dong, Ming, 2014. "The impact of firm-level transparency on the ex ante risk decisions of insurers: Evidence from an empirical study," ICIR Working Paper Series 14/14, Goethe University Frankfurt, International Center for Insurance Regulation (ICIR).
    12. Zimmer, Anja & Gründl, Helmut & Schade, Christian, 2012. "Be as safe as possible: A behavioral approach to the optimal corporate risk strategy of insurers," ICIR Working Paper Series 06/11, Goethe University Frankfurt, International Center for Insurance Regulation (ICIR).
    13. J. Francois Outreville, 2014. "Risk Aversion, Risk Behavior, and Demand for Insurance: A Survey," Journal of Insurance Issues, Western Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 37(2), pages 158-186.
    14. Boon, Ling-Ni, 2017. "Stakeholders in pension finance," Other publications TiSEM c1bd136e-95e4-42a1-bdb4-8, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.

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