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“Down but Not Out” mutual fund manager turnover within fund families

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  • Bryant, Lonnie L.

Abstract

This study is the first to link managerial turnover to mutual fund managerial structure in a manner that indicates the strong presence of a conflict of interests between investors and fund sponsors in an area of fund governance where we have been led to believe there are strong and well-functioning mechanisms to guard against the exploitation of investors. I utilize the unique characteristics of mutual funds where managers sometimes manage multiple “firms” simultaneously, something not generally observed in industrial firms. I test the governance mechanisms using the mutual fund complexes management structure; unitary and multiple fund management (UFM and MFM). This study shows that UFMs tend to have higher asset growth rates and higher fees than MFMs, suggesting that sponsors can benefit more from keeping them intact. I find that changing managers under the UFM is more costly to sponsors making them more reluctant to fire poor performers. I document that underperforming UFM are −2.77% less likely to be replaced than their underperforming MFM counterparts. In addition, the conflict of interests affect the replacement decision, as high expense ratio fund managers have a lower probability of replacement for a given level of underperformance.

Suggested Citation

  • Bryant, Lonnie L., 2012. "“Down but Not Out” mutual fund manager turnover within fund families," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 569-593.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinin:v:21:y:2012:i:4:p:569-593
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jfi.2012.05.001
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