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A theory of corporate financial decisions with liquidity and solvency concerns

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  • Gryglewicz, Sebastian

Abstract

This paper studies the impact of both liquidity and solvency concerns on corporate finance. I present a tractable model of a firm that optimally chooses capital structure, cash holdings, dividends, and default while facing cash flows with long-term uncertainty and short-term liquidity shocks. The model explains how changes in solvency affect liquidity and also how liquidity concerns affect solvency via capital structure choice. These interactions result in a dynamic cash policy in which cash reserves increase in profitability and are positively correlated with cash flows. The optimal dividend distributions implied by the model are smoothed relative to cash flows. I also find that liquidity concerns lead to a decrease of dispersion of credit spreads.

Suggested Citation

  • Gryglewicz, Sebastian, 2011. "A theory of corporate financial decisions with liquidity and solvency concerns," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(2), pages 365-384, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:99:y:2011:i:2:p:365-384
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    Cited by:

    1. Rashid Ameer, 2012. "Impact of cash holdings and ownership concentration on firm valuation: Empirical evidence from Australia," Review of Accounting and Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 11(4), pages 448-467, October.
    2. Cook, Douglas O. & Fu, Xudong & Tang, Tian, 2014. "The effect of liquidity and solvency risk on the inclusion of bond covenants," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 120-136.
    3. Bhaumik, Sumon Kumar & Das, Pranab Kumar & Kumbhakar, Subal C., 2012. "A stochastic frontier approach to modelling financial constraints in firms: An application to India," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 1311-1319.
    4. Mónika Kuti, 2011. "Cash Flow at Risk, Financial Flexibility and Financing Constraint," Public Finance Quarterly, State Audit Office of Hungary, vol. 56(4), pages 505-517.
    5. Décamps, Jean-Paul & Gryglewicz, S. & Morellec, E. & Villeneuve, Stéphane, 2015. "Corporate Policies with Temporary and Permanent Shocks," IDEI Working Papers 843, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse, revised Mar 2016.
    6. Attaoui, Sami & Poncet, Patrice, 2015. "Write-Down Bonds and Capital and Debt Structures," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 97-119.
    7. Michi Nishihara & Takashi Shibata, 2017. "Dynamic bankruptcy procedure with asymmetric information between insiders and outsiders," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 17-18, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP).
    8. Sami Attaoui, 2016. "Capital Structure And Tax Convexity When The Maturity Of Debt Is Finite," International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Finance (IJTAF), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 19(01), pages 1-20, February.
    9. Ştefan Cristian Gherghina, 2014. "Designing The Production Rules For An Expert System Towards Valuation Liquidity And Solvency Risk," Romanian Economic Business Review, Romanian-American University, vol. 8(2), pages 438-446, December.
    10. Décamps, Jean-Paul & Villeneuve, Stéphane, 2015. "Integrating profitability prospects and cash management," IDEI Working Papers 849, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
    11. Elnahas, Ahmed M. & Hassan, M. Kabir & Ismail, Ghada M., 2017. "Religion and ratio analysis: Towards an Islamic corporate liquidity measure," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 42-65.
    12. repec:eee:jbfina:v:81:y:2017:i:c:p:166-171 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Acharya, Viral V & Davydenko, Sergei A. & Strebulaev, Ilya, 2009. "Cash Holdings and Credit Risk," CEPR Discussion Papers 7125, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    14. Sumon Bhaumik & Pranab Kumar Das & Subal C. Kumbhakar, 2011. "Firm Investment & Credit Constraints in India, 1997 ??? 2006: A stochastic frontier approach," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp1010, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    15. Décamps, Jean Paul & Gryglewicz, Sebastian & Morellec, Erwan & Villeneuve, Stéphane, 2015. "Corporate policies with permanent and temporary shocks," CEPR Discussion Papers 10420, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    16. Francis A. Longstaff & Ilya A. Strebulaev, 2014. "Corporate Taxes and Capital Structure: A Long-Term Historical Perspective," NBER Working Papers 20372, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    17. Davide Dottori & Giacinto Micucci, 2018. "Corporate liquidity in Italy and its increase in the long recession," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 420, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    18. Klimenko, Nataliya & Moreno-Bromberg, Santiago, 2016. "The shadow costs of repos and bank liability structure," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 1-29.
    19. Morales-Acevedo, Paola, 2016. "Firms’ Strategic Choice of Loan Delinquencies," Working Paper Series 321, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
    20. Gao, Ning, 2015. "The motives of cash reserve and bidder cash reserve effects," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 73-88.
    21. Jessen, Cathrine & Lando, David, 2015. "Robustness of distance-to-default," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 493-505.

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