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Information asymmetry and self-selection bias in bank loan announcement studies

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  • Maskara, Pankaj K.
  • Mullineaux, Donald J.

Abstract

Event-study driven research has produced a consensus that loans are unique relative to other financial contracts. But these studies assume that small samples of loan announcements adequately represent the loan population. We find that loan announcements are rare and driven by factors such as information asymmetry and perceived materiality. We show that the sample used by Billett, Flannery, and Garfinkel (1995) fails to represent the loan universe and that significant abnormal announcement returns are confined to their smallest firms. Our sample, which better represents the loan population, produces an abnormal return insignificantly different from zero. The findings suggest that self-selection bias affects extant loan announcement research and do not support the views that loans are a special form of finance or that private and public debt differ in significant ways. Were all loans to be announced, the average abnormal return would likely be insignificant.

Suggested Citation

  • Maskara, Pankaj K. & Mullineaux, Donald J., 2011. "Information asymmetry and self-selection bias in bank loan announcement studies," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(3), pages 684-694, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:101:y:2011:i:3:p:684-694
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Godlewski, Christophe J., 2015. "The certification value of private debt renegotiation and the design of financial contracts: Empirical evidence from Europe," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 1-17.
    2. Steven Ongena & Viorel Roscovan, 2013. "Bank Loan Announcements and Borrower Stock Returns: Does Bank Origin Matter?," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 13(2), pages 137-159, June.
    3. Ripamonti, Alexandre, 2016. "Corwin-Schultz bid-ask spread estimator in the Brazilian stock market," MPRA Paper 79459, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. repec:bla:ecnote:v:46:y:2017:i:3:p:649-676 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Li, Ting & Zaiats, Nataliya, 2017. "Information environment and earnings management of dual class firms around the world," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 1-23.
    6. Dutordoir, Marie & Strong, Norman & Ziegan, Marius C., 2014. "Does corporate governance influence convertible bond issuance?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 80-100.
    7. Hao, Xiangchao & Shi, Jing & Yang, Jian, 2014. "The differential impact of the bank–firm relationship on IPO underpricing: evidence from China," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 207-232.
    8. Joao Amaro de Matos & Joao Mergulhao, 2015. "Debt, Information Asymmetry and Bankers on Board," FEUNL Working Paper Series wp597, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Economia.
    9. repec:kap:rqfnac:v:49:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11156-016-0601-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:eee:jaecon:v:64:y:2017:i:2:p:313-339 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Godlewski, Christophe J., 2014. "Bank loans and borrower value during the global financial crisis: Empirical evidence from France," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 100-130.
    12. He, Qing & Lu, Liping & Ongena, Steven, 2015. "Who gains from credit granted between firms? Evidence from inter-corporate loan announcements made in China," BOFIT Discussion Papers 1/2015, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    13. Godlewski, Christophe J. & Turk-Ariss, Rima & Weill, Laurent, 2013. "Sukuk vs. conventional bonds: A stock market perspective," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(3), pages 745-761.
    14. Chiou, Chyi-Lun & Shu, Pei-Gi, 2017. "Overvaluation and the cost of bank debt," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 235-254.
    15. Li, Chunshuo & Ongena, Steven, 2015. "Bank loan announcements and borrower stock returns before and during the recent financial crisis," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 1-12.
    16. Mohamed, Abdulkadir & Schwienbacher, Armin, 2016. "Voluntary disclosure of corporate venture capital investments," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 69-83.

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