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Bank Loan Announcements and Borrower Stock Returns Before and During the Recent Financial Crisis

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  • Chunshuo LI

    (Zhong Qin Wan Xin Certified Public Accountants)

  • Steven ONGENA

    (University of Zurich, Swiss Finance Institute and CEPR)

Abstract

The impact of U.S. bank loan announcements on the stock prices of the corporate borrowers has been decreasing during the two last decades with estimated two-day cumulative abnormal returns slipping from almost 200 basis points in the beginning of the 1980s to close to zero by the turn of the Century. We estimate excess returns before and after the onset of the most recent financial crisis. We find that while prior to August 2007 returns were indeed close to zero, afterwards returns jump back up to around 200 basis points. We surmise that in a booming credit market the certification of corporate borrowers by banks started to play a lesser role, while during the crisis the banks’ role was revitalized. Consistent with this interpretation we find that after August 2007 excess returns increase especially for loans with a longer maturity, and for smaller, levered, less profitable or lowly rated firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Chunshuo LI & Steven ONGENA, 2014. "Bank Loan Announcements and Borrower Stock Returns Before and During the Recent Financial Crisis," Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper Series 14-26, Swiss Finance Institute, revised Jul 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:chf:rpseri:rp1426
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    3. Allen N. Berger & Felix Irresberger & Raluca A. Roman, 2020. "Bank Size and Household Financial Sentiment: Surprising Evidence from University of Michigan Surveys of Consumers," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 52(S1), pages 149-191, October.
    4. Deli, Yota D. & Delis, Manthos D. & Hasan, Iftekhar & Liu, Liuling, 2019. "Enforcement of banking regulation and the cost of borrowing," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 147-160.
    5. Almansour, Abdullah & Ongena, Steven, 2018. "Bank loan announcements and religious investors: Empirical evidence from Saudi Arabia," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 78-89.
    6. Bai, Yiyi & Dang, Tri Vi & He, Qing & Lu, Liping, 2018. "Does lending relationship help or alleviate the transmission of liquidity shocks? Evidence from a liquidity crunch in China," BOFIT Discussion Papers 13/2018, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    7. Yildirim, Alev, 2020. "The effect of relationship banking on firm efficiency and default risk," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    8. Balasubramanyan, Lakshmi & Berger, Allen N. & Koepke, Matthew M., 2019. "How do lead banks use their private information about loan quality in the syndicated loan market?," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 53-78.
    9. Filippo De Marco & Silvio Petriconi, 2019. "Bank Competition and Information Production," BAFFI CAREFIN Working Papers 19130, BAFFI CAREFIN, Centre for Applied Research on International Markets Banking Finance and Regulation, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
    10. He, Qing & Lu, Liping & Ongena, Steven, 2015. "Who gains from credit granted between firms? Evidence from inter-corporate loan announcements made in China," BOFIT Discussion Papers 1/2015, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    11. Ambrocio, Gene & Hasan, Iftekhar, 2018. "Private information and lender discretion across time and institutions," Research Discussion Papers 17/2018, Bank of Finland.
    12. Ambrocio, Gene & Hasan, Iftekhar, 2019. "What drives discretion in bank lending? Some evidence and a link to private information," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 323-340.
    13. Marshall, Andrew & McCann, Laura & McColgan, Patrick, 2019. "The market reaction to debt announcements: UK evidence surrounding the global financial crisis," The British Accounting Review, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 92-109.

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    Keywords

    syndicated loans; borrower’s equity value; asymmetric information; event study; crisis; U.S.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • D80 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - General

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