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Foreign exchange exposure and multinationality

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  • Hutson, Elaine
  • Laing, Elaine

Abstract

We examine the relation between firms’ foreign exchange exposure and the extent of their multinationality as a proxy for operational hedging. Using a sample of 953 US firms over the period 1999–2006, we show that there is a nonlinear relation between operational and financial hedging, confirming anecdotal evidence that many highly multinational firms do not hedge with derivatives. We find that operational hedging and financial hedging are significantly inversely related to firms’ foreign exchange exposure, providing evidence that the two hedging techniques are complementary for all but the most highly operationally hedged firms. By comparing our findings for 1999–2006 with 1999–2009, we show that this complementarity breaks down when exchange rate volatility is high – as the effectiveness of financial hedging diminishes. An important message for firms is that operational hedges work, and they potentially provide better protection than financial hedging during times of stress.

Suggested Citation

  • Hutson, Elaine & Laing, Elaine, 2014. "Foreign exchange exposure and multinationality," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 97-113.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:43:y:2014:i:c:p:97-113
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2014.03.002
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:finana:v:55:y:2018:i:c:p:35-49 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Entrop, Oliver & Merkel, Matthias F., 2018. ""Exchange rate risk" within the European Monetary Union? Analyzing the exchange rate exposure of German firm," Passauer Diskussionspapiere, Betriebswirtschaftliche Reihe B-31-18, University of Passau, Faculty of Business and Economics.
    3. Chou, De-Wai & Lin, Lin & Hung, Pi-Hsia & Lin, Chun Heng, 2017. "A revisit to economic exposure of U.S. multinational corporations," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 273-287.
    4. Aabo, Tom & Ploeen, Rasmus, 2014. "The German humpback: Internationalization and foreign exchange hedging," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 114-129.
    5. repec:eee:jfinec:v:125:y:2017:i:2:p:217-244 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:ers:ijebaa:v:vi:y:2018:i:1:p:54-60 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Hege, Ulrich & Hutson, Elaine & Laing, Elaine, 2018. "The impact of mandatory governance changes on financial risk management," TSE Working Papers 18-889, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    8. repec:ags:pdcbeh:264708 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:dau:papers:123456789/15237 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign exchange exposure; Operational hedging; Foreign currency derivatives; Multinational firms;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets

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