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Product market competition and credit risk

Author

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  • Huang, Hsing-Hua
  • Lee, Han-Hsing

Abstract

This study theoretically and empirically investigates effects of product market competition on credit risk. We first develop a real-options-based structural model in a homogeneous oligopoly and show that credit spreads are positively related to the number of firms in an industry. The disparity of firm size in an industry is relevant to both product market competition and credit risk, and we therefore extend the model to an asymmetric duopoly case. In particular, we demonstrate that credit spreads of relatively small (large) firms within an industry are positively (negatively) related to Herfindahl-Hirschman index, and the relative firm size in an industry is an important determinant of credit risk. The models’ implications are empirically scrutinized by a reduced-form hazard model and generally supported. By performing out-of-sample analyses, the results demonstrate that firm size together with the interaction terms between intra-industry firm size dummies and competition intensity can effectively predict default.

Suggested Citation

  • Huang, Hsing-Hua & Lee, Han-Hsing, 2013. "Product market competition and credit risk," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 324-340.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:37:y:2013:i:2:p:324-340
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2012.09.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Vittoria Cerasi & Alessandro Fedele & Raffaele Miniaci, 2015. "Do your Rivals Enhance your Access to Credit? Theory and Evidence," BEMPS - Bozen Economics & Management Paper Series BEMPS29, Faculty of Economics and Management at the Free University of Bozen.
    2. Mohammad M Rahaman, 2016. "Chinese import competition and the provisions for external debt financing in the US," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 47(8), pages 898-928, October.
    3. Bernini, Michele & Montagnoli, Alberto, 2017. "Competition and financial constraints: A two-sided story," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 88-109.
    4. Jiang, Fuxiu & Kim, Kenneth A. & Nofsinger, John R. & Zhu, Bing, 2015. "Product market competition and corporate investment: Evidence from China," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 196-210.
    5. Aigbe Akhigbe & Jeff Madura & Anna Martin, 2015. "Intra-industry effects of negative stock price surprises," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 45(3), pages 541-559, October.
    6. repec:eee:corfin:v:45:y:2017:i:c:p:467-479 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:kap:sbusec:v:49:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9838-x is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Wang, Li-Hsun & Lin, Chu-Hsiung & Fung, Hung-Gay & Chen, Hsien-Ming, 2015. "Governance mechanisms and downside risk," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 35(PB), pages 485-498.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Product market competition; Credit risk; Structural model; Hazard model;

    JEL classification:

    • G13 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Contingent Pricing; Futures Pricing
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation

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