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Some further theoretical and empirical implications regarding the relationship between earnings, dividends and stock prices

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  • Chiang, Raymond
  • Davidson, Ian
  • Okunev, John

Abstract

In this paper earnings, dividends and stock prices are modelled within a plausible economic framework. The first stage in the analysis involves characterisation of the dynamic behaviour of earnings, for which evidence was found for mean reverting behaviour in the long term, and weaker evidence for mean reversion in the short term. The relationship between dividends and earnings is then examined using a modified form of the Lintner model, the empirical results suggesting that the modified formulation performs as effectively as the original Lintner approach. Based upon the assumption that the share price represents the discounted value of future expected dividends, and that dividends are generated by the modified Lintner model, we then go on to develop the functional form of the corresponding share price relationship. As a consequence of using a generalised model for earnings we are able to examine theoretically, through suitable choice of parameter values, the effect of different earnings processes on share price behaviour. The empirical results imply that changes in earnings per share are important in explaining returns.
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Suggested Citation

  • Chiang, Raymond & Davidson, Ian & Okunev, John, 1997. "Some further theoretical and empirical implications regarding the relationship between earnings, dividends and stock prices," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 17-35, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:21:y:1997:i:1:p:17-35
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    Cited by:

    1. Margaret Bray & Giovanni Marseguerra, 2002. "Divdends and Equity Prices: The Variance Trade Off," FMG Discussion Papers dp413, Financial Markets Group.
    2. Knapp, Morris & Gart, Alan & Chaudhry, Mukesh, 2006. "The impact of mean reversion of bank profitability on post-merger performance in the banking industry," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(12), pages 3503-3517, December.
    3. Gallagher, Liam A & Taylor, Mark P, 2001. "Risky Arbitrage, Limits of Arbitrage, and Nonlinear Adjustment in the Dividend-Price Ratio," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 39(4), pages 524-536, October.
    4. Carl Chiarella & Shenhuai Gao, 2002. "Modelling the Value of the S&P 500 - A System Dynamics Perspective," Working Paper Series 115, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney.
    5. Dennis R. Capozza & Patric H. Hendershott & Charlotte Mack & Christopher J. Mayer, 2002. "Determinants of Real House Price Dynamics," NBER Working Papers 9262, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Dennis R. Capozza & Patric H. Hendershott & Charlotte Mack, 2004. "An Anatomy of Price Dynamics in Illiquid Markets: Analysis and Evidence from Local Housing Markets," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 32(1), pages 1-32, March.
    7. Ian Davidson & Chris Mallin, 1998. "The influence of earnings per share on capital issues: some evidence from UK companies," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(3), pages 305-309.
    8. Steven Li, 2002. "A valuation model for firms with stochastic earnings," School of Economics and Finance Discussion Papers and Working Papers Series 122, School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology.
    9. Mark Kamstra, 2001. "Rational exuberance: The fundamentals of pricing firms, from blue chip to “dot com”," FRB Atlanta Working Paper 2001-21, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
    10. Mark Kamstra, 2003. "Pricing firms on the basis of fundamentals," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, issue Q1, pages 49-70.
    11. Liow, Kim Hiang, 2003. "Property Company Stock Price and Net Asset Value: A Mean Reversion Perspective," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 27(2), pages 235-255, September.
    12. Steven Li, 2003. "A valuation model for firms with stochastic earnings," Applied Mathematical Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(3), pages 229-243.
    13. Simon Gervais, 2001. "The High-Volume Return Premium," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 56(3), pages 877-919, June.
    14. Chiarella, Carl & Gao, Shenhuai, 2004. "The value of the S&P 500--A macro view of the stock market adjustment process," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 171-196, August.
    15. Jirasakuldech, Benjamas & Emekter, Riza & Rao, Ramesh P., 2008. "Do Thai stock prices deviate from fundamental values?," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 298-315, June.
    16. G. Lim, 2005. "Bounded dividends, earnings and fundamental stock values," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 30(2), pages 411-426, September.
    17. Lim, Terence & Lo, Andrew W. & Merton, Robert C. & Scholes, Myron S., 2006. "The Derivatives Sourcebook," Foundations and Trends(R) in Finance, now publishers, vol. 1(5–6), pages 365-572, April.

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