Forecast errors and inventory performance under forecast information sharing
Previous research has shown that the forecast accuracy is to be distinguished from the performance of the forecasts when utility measures are employed. This is particularly true in an inventory management context, where the interactions between forecasting and stock control are not yet fully understood. In this paper, the relationship between the forecasting performance and inventory implications is explored under an ARIMA representation of the demand process. Two distinct scenarios are incorporated in our analysis: Forecast Information Sharing (FIS) and No Information Sharing (NIS) in a two-stage supply chain. We approach the problem analytically and by means of simulation. The validity of the theoretical results is assessed on a real sales dataset from a major European superstore. The results indicate that the gain in accuracy from Forecast Information Sharing depends on the demand process. The translation to inventory savings then depends on the magnitude of the forecast accuracy improvement, regardless of the demand process. Insights into pertinent managerial issues are also offered, and our paper concludes with an agenda for further research in this area.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Frank Chen & Zvi Drezner & Jennifer K. Ryan & David Simchi-Levi, 2000. "Quantifying the Bullwhip Effect in a Simple Supply Chain: The Impact of Forecasting, Lead Times, and Information," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 46(3), pages 436-443, March.
- Mohammad M. Ali & John E. Boylan, 2010. "The Value of Forecast Information Sharing in Supply Chains," Foresight: The International Journal of Applied Forecasting, International Institute of Forecasters, issue 18, pages 14-18, Summer.
- Sanders, Nada R. & Graman, Gregory A., 2009. "Quantifying costs of forecast errors: A case study of the warehouse environment," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 116-125, February.
- Timmermann, Allan & Granger, Clive W. J., 2004.
"Efficient market hypothesis and forecasting,"
International Journal of Forecasting,
Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 15-27.
- Kim, Jeon G. & Chatfield, Dean & Harrison, Terry P. & Hayya, Jack C., 2006. "Quantifying the bullwhip effect in a supply chain with stochastic lead time," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 173(2), pages 617-636, September.
- Tonya Boone & Ram Ganeshan, 2008. "The Value of Information Sharing in the Retail Supply Chain: Two Case Studies," Foresight: The International Journal of Applied Forecasting, International Institute of Forecasters, issue 9, pages 12-17, Spring.
- Luong, Huynh Trung & Phien, Nguyen Huu, 2007. "Measure of bullwhip effect in supply chains: The case of high order autoregressive demand process," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 183(1), pages 197-209, November.
- Zhang, Xiaolong, 2004. "The impact of forecasting methods on the bullwhip effect," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(1), pages 15-27, March.
- Syntetos, Aris A. & Boylan, John E., 2006. "On the stock control performance of intermittent demand estimators," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(1), pages 36-47, September.
- Duc, Truong Ton Hien & Luong, Huynh Trung & Kim, Yeong-Dae, 2008. "A measure of bullwhip effect in supply chains with a mixed autoregressive-moving average demand process," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 187(1), pages 243-256, May.
- John Boylan & Aris Syntetos, 2006. "Accuracy and Accuracy Implication Metrics for Intermittent Demand," Foresight: The International Journal of Applied Forecasting, International Institute of Forecasters, issue 4, pages 39-42, June.
- Kenneth Gilbert, 2005. "An ARIMA Supply Chain Model," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 51(2), pages 305-310, February.
- Everette S. Gardner, 1990. "Evaluating Forecast Performance in an Inventory Control System," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 36(4), pages 490-499, April.
- Lee, TS & Cooper, FW & Adam, EE, 1993. "The effects of forecasting errors on the total cost of operations," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 21(5), pages 541-550, September.
- Strijbosch, L.W.G. & Moors, J.J.A. & de Kok, A.G., 1997. "On the interaction between forecasting and inventory control," Research Memorandum FEW 742, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
- Srinivasan Raghunathan, 2001. "Information Sharing in a Supply Chain: A Note on its Value when Demand Is Nonstationary," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 47(4), pages 605-610, April.
- Hau L. Lee & Kut C. So & Christopher S. Tang, 2000. "The Value of Information Sharing in a Two-Level Supply Chain," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 46(5), pages 626-643, May.
- Stephen C. Graves, 1999. "Addendum to "A Single-Item Inventory Model for a Nonstationary Demand Process"," Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, INFORMS, vol. 1(2), pages 174-174.
- Paul Goodwin, 2009. "Taking Stock: Assessing the True Cost of Forecast Errors," Foresight: The International Journal of Applied Forecasting, International Institute of Forecasters, issue 15, pages 8-11, Fall.
- Stephen C. Graves, 1999. "A Single-Item Inventory Model for a Nonstationary Demand Process," Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, INFORMS, vol. 1(1), pages 50-61.
- Syntetos, Aris A. & Nikolopoulos, Konstantinos & Boylan, John E., 2010. "Judging the judges through accuracy-implication metrics: The case of inventory forecasting," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 134-143, January.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:intfor:v:28:y:2012:i:4:p:830-841. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Zhang, Lei)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.