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Bayesian forecasting of Value at Risk and Expected Shortfall using adaptive importance sampling

  • Hoogerheide, Lennart
  • van Dijk, Herman K.

An efficient and accurate approach is proposed for forecasting the Value at Risk (VaR) and Expected Shortfall (ES) measures in a Bayesian framework. This consists of a new adaptive importance sampling method for the Quick Evaluation of Risk using Mixture of t approximations (QERMit). As a first step, the optimal importance density is approximated, after which multi-step 'high loss' scenarios are efficiently generated. Numerical standard errors are compared in simple illustrations and in an empirical GARCH model with Student-t errors for daily S&P 500 returns. The results indicate that the proposed QERMit approach outperforms alternative approaches, in the sense that it produces more accurate VaR and ES estimates given the same amount of computing time, or, equivalently, that it requires less computing time for the same numerical accuracy.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Journal of Forecasting.

Volume (Year): 26 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 231-247

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Handle: RePEc:eee:intfor:v:26:y::i:2:p:231-247
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ijforecast

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  1. Luc Bauwens & Michel Lubrano, 1998. "Bayesian inference on GARCH models using the Gibbs sampler," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 1(Conferenc), pages C23-C46.
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  4. Hoogerheide, L.F. & Kaashoek, J.F. & van Dijk, H.K., 2005. "On the shape of posterior densities and credible sets in instrumental variable regression models with reduced rank: an application of flexible sampling methods using neural networks," Econometric Institute Research Papers EI 2005-12, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.
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  7. Glosten, Lawrence R & Jagannathan, Ravi & Runkle, David E, 1993. " On the Relation between the Expected Value and the Volatility of the Nominal Excess Return on Stocks," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 48(5), pages 1779-1801, December.
  8. Philippe Artzner & Freddy Delbaen & Jean-Marc Eber & David Heath, 1999. "Coherent Measures of Risk," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 9(3), pages 203-228.
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