A geostatistical approach for dynamic life tables: The effect of mortality on remaining lifetime and annuities
Dynamic life tables arise as an alternative to the standard (static) life table, with the aim of incorporating the evolution of mortality over time. The parametric model introduced by Lee and Carter in 1992 for projected mortality rates in the US is one of the most outstanding and has been used a great deal since then. Different versions of the model have been developed but all of them, together with other parametric models, consider the observed mortality rates as independent observations. This is a difficult hypothesis to justify when looking at the graph of the residuals obtained with any of these methods. Methods of adjustment and prediction based on geostatistical techniques which exploit the dependence structure existing among the residuals are an alternative to classical methods. Dynamic life tables can be considered as two-way tables on a grid equally spaced in either the vertical (age) or horizontal (year) direction, and the data can be decomposed into a deterministic large-scale variation (trend) plus a stochastic small-scale variation (residuals). Our contribution consists of applying geostatistical techniques for estimating the dependence structure of the mortality data and for prediction purposes, also including the influence of the year of birth (cohort). We compare the performance of this new approach with different versions of the Lee-Carter model. Additionally, we obtain bootstrap confidence intervals for predicted qxt resulting from applying both methodologies, and we study their influence on the predictions of e65t and a65t.
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Gavin, John & Haberman, Steven & Verrall, Richard, 1993. "Moving weighted average graduation using kernel estimation," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 113-126, April.
- Jorge Mateu & Francisco Montes & Mario Plaza, 2004. "The 1970 US draft lottery revisited: a spatial analysis," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series C, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 53(1), pages 219-229.
- Felipe, A. & Guillen, M. & Perez-Marin, A. M., 2002. "Recent Mortality Trends in the Spanish Population," British Actuarial Journal, Cambridge University Press, vol. 8(04), pages 757-786, October.
- Debón, A. & Montes, F. & Puig, F., 2008. "Modelling and forecasting mortality in Spain," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 189(3), pages 624-637, September.
- Pitacco, Ermanno, 2004. "Survival models in a dynamic context: a survey," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 279-298, October.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:insuma:v:47:y:2010:i:3:p:327-336. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Zhang, Lei)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.