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Growth and welfare effects of unilateral trade liberalization with heterogeneous firms and asymmetric countries

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  • Naito, Takumi

Abstract

How do reallocations across heterogeneous firms induced by unilateral trade liberalization affect long-run growth and welfare? To answer this question, we formulate a two-country model of endogenous growth, heterogeneous firms, and asymmetric countries. The relative wage and number of domestic varieties are endogenously determined. We show that even unilateral trade liberalization can raise the balanced growth rate. Although growth-enhancing trade liberalization is always welfare-enhancing in the symmetric country case, it does not generally ensure higher long-run welfare for at most one country because of asymmetric real wage effects caused by a change in the relative number of varieties.

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  • Naito, Takumi, 2017. "Growth and welfare effects of unilateral trade liberalization with heterogeneous firms and asymmetric countries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 167-173.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:inecon:v:109:y:2017:i:c:p:167-173
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jinteco.2017.08.011
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    Cited by:

    1. Naito, Takumi, 2019. "A lab-equipment model of growth with heterogeneous firms and asymmetric countries," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 181(C), pages 33-36.
    2. Fukuda, Katsufumi, 2019. "Effects of trade liberalization on growth and welfare through basic and applied researches," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
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    4. Thang T. Vo & Dinh X. Nguyen, 2021. "Impact of Trade Liberalization on Household Welfare: An Analysis Using Household Exposure-to-Trade Indices," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 153(2), pages 503-531, January.
    5. Kishi, Keiichi & Okada, Keisuke, 2018. "Trade Liberalization, Technology Diffusion, and Productivity," MPRA Paper 88597, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Tatsuro Iwaisako & Hitoshi Tanaka, 2020. "Tariffs and Foreign Direct Investment in a North South Product Cycle Model," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 20-08, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics.
    7. Takumi Naito, 2021. "Can The Optimal Tariff Be Zero For A Growing Large Country?," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 62(3), pages 1237-1280, August.
    8. Guzmán Ourens, 2020. "The long-term impact of trade with firm heterogeneity," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 156(4), pages 887-919, November.
    9. Kishi, Keiichi & Okada, Keisuke, 2021. "The impact of trade liberalization on productivity distribution under the presence of technology diffusion and innovation," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 128(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Unilateral trade liberalization; Heterogeneous firms; Asymmetric countries; Endogenous growth; International knowledge spillovers;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies

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