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Emergency and urgent care systems in Australia, Denmark, England, France, Germany and the Netherlands – Analyzing organization, payment and reforms


  • Baier, Natalie
  • Geissler, Alexander
  • Bech, Mickael
  • Bernstein, David
  • Cowling, Thomas E.
  • Jackson, Terri
  • van Manen, Johan
  • Rudkjøbing, Andreas
  • Quentin, Wilm


Increasing numbers of hospital emergency department (ED) visits pose a challenge to health systems in many countries. This paper aims to examine emergency and urgent care systems, in six countries and to identify reform trends in response to current challenges.

Suggested Citation

  • Baier, Natalie & Geissler, Alexander & Bech, Mickael & Bernstein, David & Cowling, Thomas E. & Jackson, Terri & van Manen, Johan & Rudkjøbing, Andreas & Quentin, Wilm, 2019. "Emergency and urgent care systems in Australia, Denmark, England, France, Germany and the Netherlands – Analyzing organization, payment and reforms," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 123(1), pages 1-10.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:hepoli:v:123:y:2019:i:1:p:1-10
    DOI: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2018.11.001

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Christiansen, Terkel & Vrangbæk, Karsten, 2018. "Hospital centralization and performance in Denmark—Ten years on," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 122(4), pages 321-328.
    2. Van den Heede, Koen & Quentin, Wilm & Dubois, Cécile & Devriese, Stephan & Van de Voorde, Carine, 2017. "The 2016 proposal for the reorganisation of urgent care provision in Belgium: A political struggle to co-locate primary care providers and emergency departments," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 121(4), pages 339-345.
    3. Van den Heede, Koen & Van de Voorde, Carine, 2016. "Interventions to reduce emergency department utilisation: A review of reviews," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 120(12), pages 1337-1349.
    4. World Bank, 2015. "World Development Indicators 2015," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 21634, December.
    5. Caroline Berchet, 2015. "Emergency Care Services: Trends, Drivers and Interventions to Manage the Demand," OECD Health Working Papers 83, OECD Publishing.
    6. Tan, Stefanie & Mays, Nicholas, 2014. "Impact of initiatives to improve access to, and choice of, primary and urgent care in England: A systematic review," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 118(3), pages 304-315.
    7. Christiansen, Terkel, 2012. "Ten years of structural reforms in Danish healthcare," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 106(2), pages 114-119.
    8. Foley, Conor & Droog, Elsa & Healy, Orla & McHugh, Sheena & Buckley, Claire & Browne, John Patrick, 2017. "Understanding perspectives on major system change: A comparative case study of public engagement and the implementation of urgent and emergency care system reconfiguration," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 121(7), pages 800-808.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pak, Anton & Gannon, Brenda, 2021. "Do access, quality and cost of general practice affect emergency department use?," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 125(4), pages 504-511.

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