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A study of the nucleolus in the nested cost-sharing problem: Axiomatic and strategic perspectives

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  • Hu, Cheng-Cheng
  • Tsay, Min-Hung
  • Yeh, Chun-Hsien

Abstract

We investigate the nucleolus from both axiomatic and strategic perspectives in the nested cost-sharing problem in which the cost of a public facility has to be shared among agents having different needs for it. We adopt a Right-endpoint Subtraction (RS) formulation, which underlies these two properties: RS bilateral consistency and RS converse consistency. As we show, the nucleolus is the only RS bilaterally consistent (or RS conversely consistent) rule satisfying equal treatment of equals and last-agent cost additivity. In addition, we introduce a game exploiting the two properties to strategically justify the nucleolus. Our results, together with the axiomatization and strategic justification of the Constrained Equal Benefits (CEB) rule in Hu et al. (2012), show that adopting different formulations to define a reduced problem leads to axiomatizing and, in particular, strategically justifying the CEB rule and the nucleolus in the nested cost-sharing problem.

Suggested Citation

  • Hu, Cheng-Cheng & Tsay, Min-Hung & Yeh, Chun-Hsien, 2018. "A study of the nucleolus in the nested cost-sharing problem: Axiomatic and strategic perspectives," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 82-98.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:gamebe:v:109:y:2018:i:c:p:82-98
    DOI: 10.1016/j.geb.2017.11.012
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    Cited by:

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    2. Roberto Serrano, 2020. "Sixty-Seven Years of the Nash Program: Time for Retirement?," Working Papers 2020-20, Brown University, Department of Economics.
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    4. Juan D. Moreno-Ternero & Min-Hung Tsay & Chun-Hsien Yeh, 2020. "A strategic justification of the Talmud rule based on lower and upper bounds," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1045-1057, December.
    5. Wenzhong Li & Genjiu Xu & René van den Brink, 2023. "Two new classes of methods to share the cost of cleaning up a polluted river," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 61(1), pages 35-59, July.
    6. Juan D. Moreno‐Ternero & Min‐Hung Tsay & Chun‐Hsien Yeh, 2022. "Strategic justifications of the TAL family of rules for bankruptcy problems," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 18(1), pages 92-102, March.
    7. Roberto Serrano, 2021. "Sixty-seven years of the Nash program: time for retirement?," SERIEs: Journal of the Spanish Economic Association, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 12(1), pages 35-48, March.
    8. Luo, Chunlin & Zhou, Xiaoyang & Lev, Benjamin, 2022. "Core, shapley value, nucleolus and nash bargaining solution: A Survey of recent developments and applications in operations management," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 110(C).
    9. Tsay, Min-Hung & Yeh, Chun-Hsien, 2019. "Relations among the central rules in bankruptcy problems: A strategic perspective," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 515-532.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Consistency; Nash program; Axiomatization; Strategic justification; Nucleolus; Airport problem;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C71 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Cooperative Games
    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

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