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Systemic liquidity shortages and interbank network structures

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  • Lee, Seung Hwan

Abstract

This paper aims to shed light on the systemic nature of liquidity risk and to propose a method for calculating systemic liquidity shortages. Our method incorporates not only direct liquidity shortages but also indirect liquidity shortages due to the knock-on effects through interbank linkages. We perform a simulation with a simple banking system model and find that a deficit bank can mitigate a liquidity shortage by holding more claims on a surplus bank. Meanwhile, a greater imbalance in liquidity positions across banks tends to aggravate the liquidity shortage of a deficit bank. According to comparative analysis between different types of network structures, a core-periphery network with a deficit money center bank gives rise to the highest level of systemic liquidity shortage, and a banking system becomes more vulnerable to liquidity shocks as its interbank network becomes more ill-matched.

Suggested Citation

  • Lee, Seung Hwan, 2013. "Systemic liquidity shortages and interbank network structures," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 1-12.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:finsta:v:9:y:2013:i:1:p:1-12
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jfs.2012.12.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Thiago Christiano Silva & Marcos Soares da Silva & Benjamin Miranda Tabak, 2015. "Liquidity Performance Evaluation of the Brazilian Interbank Market using a Network-Based Approach," Working Papers Series 401, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    2. T. R. Hurd, 2017. "Bank Panics and Fire Sales, Insolvency and Illiquidity," Papers 1711.05289, arXiv.org.
    3. Edoardo Gaffeo & Massimo Molinari, 2016. "A functional perspective to financial networks," DEM Working Papers 2016/06, Department of Economics and Management.
    4. Souza, Sergio R.S. & Tabak, Benjamin M. & Silva, Thiago C. & Guerra, Solange M., 2015. "Insolvency and contagion in the Brazilian interbank market," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 431(C), pages 140-151.
    5. Avramidis, Panagiotis & Pasiouras, Fotios, 2015. "Calculating systemic risk capital: A factor model approach," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 16(C), pages 138-150.
    6. Peltonen, Tuomas A. & Scheicher, Martin & Vuillemey, Guillaume, 2014. "The network structure of the CDS market and its determinants," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 13(C), pages 118-133.
    7. Guillaume Vuillemey, 2015. "Derivatives Markets: From Bank Risk Management to Financial Stability," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/5vh0dnv2h79, Sciences Po.
    8. Sadamori Kojaku & Giulio Cimini & Guido Caldarelli & Naoki Masuda, 2018. "Structural changes in the interbank market across the financial crisis from multiple core-periphery analysis," Papers 1802.05139, arXiv.org.
    9. Silva, Thiago Christiano & de Souza, Sergio Rubens Stancato & Tabak, Benjamin Miranda, 2016. "Network structure analysis of the Brazilian interbank market," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 130-152.
    10. Gustavo Peralta & Ricardo Crisóstomo, 2016. "Financial contagion with spillover effects: a multiplex network approach," ESRB Working Paper Series 32, European Systemic Risk Board.
    11. Berardi, Simone & Tedeschi, Gabriele, 2017. "From banks' strategies to financial (in)stability," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 255-272.
    12. Souza, Sergio Rubens Stancato de, 2016. "Capital requirements, liquidity and financial stability: The case of Brazil," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 179-192.
    13. Silva, Thiago Christiano & Guerra, Solange Maria & Tabak, Benjamin Miranda & de Castro Miranda, Rodrigo Cesar, 2016. "Financial networks, bank efficiency and risk-taking," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 247-257.
    14. Poledna, Sebastian & Molina-Borboa, José Luis & Martínez-Jaramillo, Serafín & van der Leij, Marco & Thurner, Stefan, 2015. "The multi-layer network nature of systemic risk and its implications for the costs of financial crises," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 70-81.
    15. Anand, Kartik & van Lelyveld, Iman & Banai, Ádám & Friedrich, Soeren & Garratt, Rodney & Hałaj, Grzegorz & Fique, Jose & Hansen, Ib & Martínez Jaramillo, Serafín & Lee, Hwayun & Molina-Borboa, José Lu, 2017. "The missing links: A global study on uncovering financial network structures from partial data," ESRB Working Paper Series 51, European Systemic Risk Board.
    16. Gao, Tianjiao & Gupta, Aparna & Gulpinar, Nalan & Zhu, Yun, 2015. "Optimal hedging strategy for risk management on a network," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 16(C), pages 31-44.
    17. Hüser, Anne-Caroline, 2015. "Too interconnected to fail: A survey of the interbank networks literature," SAFE Working Paper Series 91, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
    18. Dengbao Yao & Xiaoxing Liu & Xu Zhang, 2016. "Financial contagion in interbank network," International Journal of Monetary Economics and Finance, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 9(2), pages 132-148.
    19. T. R. Hurd & Davide Cellai & Sergey Melnik & Quentin H. Shao, 2016. "Double Cascade Model Of Financial Crises," International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Finance (IJTAF), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 19(05), pages 1-27, August.
    20. Sergio R. Stancato de Souza, 2014. "Capital Requirements, Liquidity and Financial Stability: the case of Brazil," Working Papers Series 375, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Liquidity shortage; Interbank network; Systemic risk; Knock-on effect;

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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