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Stock valuation in dynamic economies

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  • Bakshi, Gurdip
  • Chen, Zhiwu

Abstract

This article develops and empirically implements a stock valuation model. The model makes three assumptions: (i) dividend equals a fixed fraction of net earnings-per-share plus noise; (ii) the economy's pricing kernel is consistent with the Vasicek term structure of interest rates; and (iii) the expected earnings growth rate follows a mean-reverting stochastic process. Our parameterization of the earnings process distinguishes long-run earnings growth from current growth and separately measures the characteristics of the firm's business cycle. The resulting stock valuation formula has three variables as input: net earnings-per-share, expected earnings growth and interest rate. Using a sample of individual stocks, our empirical exercise leads to the following conclusions: (1) the derived valuation formula produces significantly lower pricing errors than existing models both in-and out-of-sample; (2) modeling earnings growth dynamics properly is the most crucial for achieving better performance, while modeling the discounting dynamics properly also makes a significant difference; (3) our model's pricing errors are highly persistent over time and correlated across stocks, suggesting the existence of factors that are important in the market's
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  • Bakshi, Gurdip & Chen, Zhiwu, 2005. "Stock valuation in dynamic economies," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 111-151, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:finmar:v:8:y:2005:i:2:p:111-151
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    Cited by:

    1. Kanniainen, Juho & Piché, Robert, 2013. "Stock price dynamics and option valuations under volatility feedback effect," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(4), pages 722-740.
    2. Xiaoneng Zhu, 2015. "Tug-of-War: Time-Varying Predictability of Stock Returns and Dividend Growth," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 19(6), pages 2317-2358.
    3. Zhi Da & Ravi Jagannathan & Jianfeng Shen, 2014. "Growth Expectations, Dividend Yields, and Future Stock Returns," NBER Working Papers 20651, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Laih, Yih-Wenn & Lai, Hung-Neng & Li, Chun-An, 2015. "Analyst valuation and corporate value discovery," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 235-248.
    5. Brown, Gregory W. & Cliff, Michael T., 2004. "Investor sentiment and the near-term stock market," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 1-27, January.
    6. Safieddine, Assem & Sonti, Ramana, 2007. "Momentum and industry growth," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 203-215.
    7. Bergeron, Claude, 2013. "Dividend sensitivity to economic factors, stock valuation, and long-run risk," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 184-195.
    8. Koijen, Ralph S.J. & Lustig, Hanno & Van Nieuwerburgh, Stijn, 2017. "The cross-section and time series of stock and bond returns," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 50-69.
    9. Andrew Ang & Jun Liu, 2004. "How to Discount Cashflows with Time-Varying Expected Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 59(6), pages 2745-2783, December.
    10. Christophe, Faugere, 2003. "A Required Yield Theory of Stock Market Valuation and Treasury Yield Determination," MPRA Paper 15579, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 04 Jun 2009.
    11. Koijen, Ralph S.J. & Lustig, Hanno & Van Nieuwerburgh, Stijn, 2017. "The cross-section and time series of stock and bond returns," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 50-69.
    12. Juho Kanniainen & Robert Pich'e, 2012. "Stock Price Dynamics and Option Valuations under Volatility Feedback Effect," Papers 1209.4718, arXiv.org.
    13. Andrade, Sandro C., 2009. "A model of asset pricing under country risk," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 671-695, June.
    14. Pui Sun Tam & Pui I Tam, 2012. "Rethinking stock market integration: Globalization, valuation and convergence," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2012-052, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    15. Claude Bergeron, 2013. "Dividend growth, stock valuation, and long-run risk," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 37(4), pages 547-559, October.
    16. Han, Yufeng, 2012. "State uncertainty in stock markets: How big is the impact on the cost of equity?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(9), pages 2575-2592.

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