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A Valuation Study of Stock-Market Seasonality and Firm Size

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  • Zhiwu Chen
  • Jan Jindra

Abstract

Existing studies on market seasonality and the size effect are largely based on realized returns. This paper investigates seasonal variations and size-related differences in cross-stock valuation distribution. We use three stock valuation measures, two derived from structural models and one from book/market ratio. With each measure, we find that the average level is the highest in midsummer and the lowest in mid-December. Furthermore, the valuation dispersion (or, kurtosis)across stocks increases towards the year end and reverses direction after the turn of the year, suggesting increased movements in both the under-and-overvaluation directions. Among size groups, small-cap stocks exhibit the sharpest decline in valuation from June to December and the highest rise from December to January. For most months, small-cap stocks have the lowest valuation among all size groups. In a typical mo

Suggested Citation

  • Zhiwu Chen & Jan Jindra, 2001. "A Valuation Study of Stock-Market Seasonality and Firm Size," Yale School of Management Working Papers ysm199, Yale School of Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:ysm:somwrk:ysm199
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    File URL: http://icfpub.som.yale.edu/publications/2482
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Mark Grinblatt & Tobias J. Moskowitz, "undated". "The Cross Section of Expected Returns and its Relation to Past Returns: New Evidence," CRSP working papers 503, Center for Research in Security Prices, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago.
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    5. Charles M. C. Lee & James Myers & Bhaskaran Swaminathan, 1999. "What is the Intrinsic Value of the Dow?," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 54(5), pages 1693-1741, October.
    6. Daniel, Kent & Titman, Sheridan, 1997. " Evidence on the Characteristics of Cross Sectional Variation in Stock Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(1), pages 1-33, March.
    7. Jegadeesh, Narasimhan & Titman, Sheridan, 1993. " Returns to Buying Winners and Selling Losers: Implications for Stock Market Efficiency," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 48(1), pages 65-91, March.
    8. Fama, Eugene F & French, Kenneth R, 1992. " The Cross-Section of Expected Stock Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 47(2), pages 427-465, June.
    9. Keim, Donald B., 1983. "Size-related anomalies and stock return seasonality : Further empirical evidence," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 13-32, June.
    10. Fama, Eugene F & French, Kenneth R, 1995. " Size and Book-to-Market Factors in Earnings and Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 50(1), pages 131-155, March.
    11. Dyl, Edward A, 1977. "Capital Gains Taxation and Year-End Stock Market Behavior," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 32(1), pages 165-175, March.
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    13. Ritter, Jay R, 1988. " The Buying and Selling Behavior of Individual Investors at the Turn of the Year," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 43(3), pages 701-717, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ming Dong & David Hirshleifer, 2005. "A Generalized Earnings-Based Stock Valuation Model," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 73(s1), pages 1-31, September.
    2. Bakshi, Gurdip & Chen, Zhiwu, 2005. "Stock valuation in dynamic economies," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 111-151, May.
    3. James S. Ang & Yingmei Cheng, 2006. "Direct Evidence On The Market-Driven Acquisition Theory," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 29(2), pages 199-216.

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