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Family versus nonfamily business: A comparison of international strategies

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  • Abdellatif, Mahamat
  • Amann, Bruno
  • Jaussaud, Jacques

Abstract

The internationalization strategies of family businesses versus nonfamily businesses remain a neglected area of study. This investigation uses a sample of 759 Japanese subsidiaries worldwide that can be identified as family businesses or nonfamily businesses to reveal two key results. First, family businesses establish fewer joint ventures than nonfamily businesses, in relative terms, and resort less to using Sôgô Shôsha, or Japanese general trading companies. This result implies family businesses prefer more to remain independent compared with nonfamily businesses. Second, expatriation policies do not differ significantly between family businesses and nonfamily businesses, contrary to a priori expectations. Differences in the strategic behavior of family businesses and nonfamily businesses therefore do not appear in every aspect of the internationalization process.

Suggested Citation

  • Abdellatif, Mahamat & Amann, Bruno & Jaussaud, Jacques, 2010. "Family versus nonfamily business: A comparison of international strategies," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 1(2), pages 108-116, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:fambus:v:1:y:2010:i:2:p:108-116
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. De Massis, Alfredo & Kotlar, Josip & Campopiano, Giovanna & Cassia, Lucio, 2013. "Dispersion of family ownership and the performance of small-to-medium size private family firms," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 166-175.
    2. repec:eee:spacre:v:19:y:2016:i:1:p:31-44 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Baronchelli, Gianpaolo & Bettinelli, Cristina & Del Bosco, Barbara & Loane, Sharon, 2016. "The impact of family involvement on the investments of Italian small-medium enterprises in psychically distant countries," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 960-970.
    4. Agnihotri, Arpita & Bhattacharya, Saurabh, 2015. "Determinants of export intensity in emerging markets: An upper echelon perspective," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 50(4), pages 687-695.
    5. Goel, Sanjay & Mazzola, Pietro & Phan, Phillip H. & Pieper, Torsten M. & Zachary, Ramona K., 2012. "Strategy, ownership, governance, and socio-psychological perspectives on family businesses from around the world," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 3(2), pages 54-65.
    6. Bjursell, Cecilia, 2011. "Cultural divergence in merging family businesses," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 69-77, June.
    7. Mahamat Abdellatif & Bruno Amann & Jacques Jaussaud, 2010. "International Firm Strategies: Is Cultural Distance a Main Determinant?," Transition Studies Review, Springer;Central Eastern European University Network (CEEUN), vol. 17(4), pages 611-623, December.
    8. Basly Sami, 2015. "Family Involvement in the Firm and Exports in the Family SME: Is the Manager’s International Orientation Influential?," Journal of Intercultural Management, De Gruyter Open, vol. 7(3), pages 69-99, September.
    9. Zaefarian, Reza & Eng, Teck-Yong & Tasavori, Misagh, 2016. "An exploratory study of international opportunity identification among family firms," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 333-345.
    10. Patel, Vijay K. & Pieper, Torsten M. & Hair, Joseph F., 2012. "The global family business: Challenges and drivers for cross-border growth," Business Horizons, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 231-239.
    11. Ducassy, Isabelle & Prevot, Frédéric, 2010. "The effects of family dynamics on diversification strategy: Empirical evidence from French companies," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 1(4), pages 224-235, December.
    12. Meier, Olivier & Schier, Guillaume, 2014. "Family firm succession: Lessons from failures in external party takeovers," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 5(4), pages 372-383.
    13. Smith, Donna & Hair, Joseph F. & Ferguson, Keith, 2014. "An investigation of the effect of family influence on Commitment–Trust in retailer–vendor strategic partnerships," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 5(3), pages 252-263.
    14. Grundström, Christina & Öberg, Christina & Öhrwall Rönnbäck, Anna, 2012. "Family-owned manufacturing SMEs and innovativeness: A comparison between within-family successions and external takeovers," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 162-173.
    15. Bannò, Mariasole, 2016. "Propensity to patent by family firms," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 7(4), pages 238-248.
    16. Raúl Serrano & Isabel Acero-Fraile & Natalia Dejo-Oricain, 2017. "Collaborative networks and export intensity in family firms: a quantile regression approach," Documentos de Trabajo dt2017-04, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
    17. Eberhard, Manuel & Craig, Justin, 2013. "The evolving role of organisational and personal networks in international market venturing," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 48(3), pages 385-397.

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