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Why they moved -- Emigration from the Swedish countryside to the United States, 1881-1910

  • Bohlin, Jan
  • Eurenius, Anna-Maria
Registered author(s):

    Swedish emigration rates were among the highest in Europe in the late nineteenth century. The majority of the emigrants originated from the countryside. In the article the determinants of emigration from the Swedish countryside to the United States are explored using panel regression methods on a newly constructed dataset consisting of yearly observations for 20 counties over the period 1881-1910. Amidst sharp fluctuations the emigration rate declined over the long term, which is explained by a rise in the standard of living and improved employment opportunities at home. Persistent regional differences in the emigration rate are explained by regional differences in population density and emigration tradition.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0014-4983(10)00033-1
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Explorations in Economic History.

    Volume (Year): 47 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 4 (October)
    Pages: 533-551

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:exehis:v:47:y:2010:i:4:p:533-551
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622830

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    2. Jeffrey G. Williamson, 1992. "The Evolution of Global Labor Markets Since 1830 Background Evidence and Hypotheses," NBER Historical Working Papers 0036, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    5. Bohlin, Jan, 2010. "The income distributional consequences of agrarian tariffs in Sweden on the eve of World War I," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 14(01), pages 1-45, April.
    6. Peter C.B. Phillips & Hyungsik R. Moon, 1999. "Nonstationary Panel Data Analysis: An Overview of Some Recent Developments," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1221, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    7. Hatton, T.J. & Williamson, J.G., 1992. "After the Famine: Emigration from Ireland 1850-1913," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1613, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
    8. Harry Jerome, 1926. "Migration and Business Cycles," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number jero26-1, Enero.
    9. Hatton, T. J., 1995. "A model of Scandinavian emigration, 1870-1913," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(3-4), pages 557-564, April.
    10. Hatton, Timothy J. & Williamson, Jeffrey G., 1998. "The Age of Mass Migration: Causes and Economic Impact," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195116519, December.
    11. Hatton, Timothy J, 1995. "A Model of U.K. Emigration, 1870-1913," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 77(3), pages 407-415, August.
    12. John Michael Quigley, 1972. "An Economic Model of Swedish Emigration," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 86(1), pages 111-126.
    13. Wilkinson, Maurice, 1967. "Evidences of Long Swings in the Growth of Swedish Population and Related Economic Variables, 1860–1965," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 27(01), pages 17-38, March.
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    15. Edward F. Blackburne III & Mark W. Frank, 2007. "Estimation of nonstationary heterogeneous panels," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 7(2), pages 197-208, June.
    16. Todaro, Michael P, 1969. "A Model for Labor Migration and Urban Unemployment in Less Developed Countries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(1), pages 138-148, March.
    17. Harry Jerome, 1926. "Immigration and Business Cycles Prior to 1890," NBER Chapters, in: Migration and Business Cycles, pages 77-88 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    18. Baltagi, Badi H. & Li, Qi, 1995. "Testing AR(1) against MA(1) disturbances in an error component model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 133-151, July.
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    20. Harry Jerome, 1926. "Appendix to "Migration and Business Cycles"," NBER Chapters, in: Migration and Business Cycles, pages 245-250 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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