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A novel lambda-based EGR (exhaust gas recirculation) modulation method for a turbocharged diesel engine under transient operation


  • Liu, Bolan
  • Zhang, Fujun
  • Zhao, Changlu
  • An, Xiaohui
  • Pei, Haijun


Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is one of the major technical measures used on diesel engines to restrain NOx emission. Intake oxygen concentration has been proved to be the more substantial parameter to control NOx than EGR rate. However, the mechanism is hard to be utilized due to the difficulty of acquiring the real-time intake oxygen concentration. In the present study, a novel lambda-based intake oxygen model was built and validated. By using this model, two types of transient EGR modulation were performed, which illustrates the validity for NOx overshot elimination under the load transient. Based on the intake system schematic and the law of mass conservation, the model was deducted to find the relationship of intake oxygen concentration, EGR rate and lambda. Then the model was validated on a four-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine by following steps. Firstly, both steady and transient state test were conducted, the result shows that intake oxygen concentration is more related to NOx emission under transient working conditions. Then the model was validated under different speed and load. The result shows that intake oxygen concentration is linear to the ratio of EGR rate to lambda. Finally, transient EGR operation is performed. Under two types of transient operation, the emission performance is different. The lambda-based EGR modulation method is more effective in the constant-speed load transient. NOx overshot is eliminated without harm soot too much. In the constant-load speed transient, the modulation is still following the commonly accepted trade-off relationship. The study shows that the method could be effectively utilized in diesel load transient emissions control.

Suggested Citation

  • Liu, Bolan & Zhang, Fujun & Zhao, Changlu & An, Xiaohui & Pei, Haijun, 2016. "A novel lambda-based EGR (exhaust gas recirculation) modulation method for a turbocharged diesel engine under transient operation," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 521-530.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:96:y:2016:i:c:p:521-530
    DOI: 10.1016/

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Maiboom, Alain & Tauzia, Xavier & Hétet, Jean-François, 2008. "Experimental study of various effects of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) on combustion and emissions of an automotive direct injection diesel engine," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 22-34.
    2. Desantes, José M. & Benajes, Jesús & García, Antonio & Monsalve-Serrano, Javier, 2014. "The role of the in-cylinder gas temperature and oxygen concentration over low load reactivity controlled compression ignition combustion efficiency," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 854-868.
    3. Park, Youngsoo & Bae, Choongsik, 2014. "Experimental study on the effects of high/low pressure EGR proportion in a passenger car diesel engine," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 133(C), pages 308-316.
    4. Zhang, Shaojun & Wu, Ye & Hu, Jingnan & Huang, Ruikun & Zhou, Yu & Bao, Xiaofeng & Fu, Lixin & Hao, Jiming, 2014. "Can Euro V heavy-duty diesel engines, diesel hybrid and alternative fuel technologies mitigate NOX emissions? New evidence from on-road tests of buses in China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 118-126.
    5. Zamboni, Giorgio & Capobianco, Massimo, 2012. "Experimental study on the effects of HP and LP EGR in an automotive turbocharged diesel engine," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 117-128.
    6. Millo, Federico & Giacominetto, Paolo Ferrero & Bernardi, Marco Gianoglio, 2012. "Analysis of different exhaust gas recirculation architectures for passenger car Diesel engines," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 79-91.
    7. Molina, S. & García, A. & Pastor, J.M. & Belarte, E. & Balloul, I., 2015. "Operating range extension of RCCI combustion concept from low to full load in a heavy-duty engine," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 143(C), pages 211-227.
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    Cited by:

    1. Duan, Xiongbo & Liu, Jingping & Yuan, Zhipeng & Guo, Genmiao & Liu, Qi & Tang, Qijun & Deng, Banglin & Guan, Jinhuan, 2018. "Experimental investigation of the effects of injection strategies on cycle-to-cycle variations of a DISI engine fueled with ethanol and gasoline blend," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 165(PB), pages 455-470.
    2. Myung, Cha-Lee & Jang, Wonwook & Kwon, Sangil & Ko, Jinyoung & Jin, Dongyoung & Park, Simsoo, 2017. "Evaluation of the real-time de-NOx performance characteristics of a LNT-equipped Euro-6 diesel passenger car with various vehicle emissions certification cycles," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 356-369.
    3. Zhu, Dengting & Zheng, Xinqian, 2017. "Asymmetric twin-scroll turbocharging in diesel engines for energy and emission improvement," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 141(C), pages 702-714.


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