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A comparative assessment of net metering and net billing policies. Study cases for Spain

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  • Dufo-López, Rodolfo
  • Bernal-Agustín, José L.

Abstract

Net metering and net billing are electricity policies that enable grid-connected customer-generators (homes or businesses that own a PV (photovoltaic) or other generation technology connected to the grid) to offset some or all their electricity consumption and get paid for excess energy injected into the grid.

Suggested Citation

  • Dufo-López, Rodolfo & Bernal-Agustín, José L., 2015. "A comparative assessment of net metering and net billing policies. Study cases for Spain," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 684-694.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:84:y:2015:i:c:p:684-694
    DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2015.03.031
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    13. Eid, Cherrelle & Reneses Guillén, Javier & Frías Marín, Pablo & Hakvoort, Rudi, 2014. "The economic effect of electricity net-metering with solar PV: Consequences for network cost recovery, cross subsidies and policy objectives," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 244-254.
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    2. Tantisattayakul, Thanapol & Kanchanapiya, Premrudee, 2017. "Financial measures for promoting residential rooftop photovoltaics under a feed-in tariff framework in Thailand," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 260-269.
    3. Masebinu, S.O. & Akinlabi, E.T. & Muzenda, E. & Aboyade, A.O., 2017. "Techno-economics and environmental analysis of energy storage for a student residence under a South African time-of-use tariff rate," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 135(C), pages 413-429.
    4. Sakah, Marriette & Diawuo, Felix Amankwah & Katzenbach, Rolf & Gyamfi, Samuel, 2017. "Towards a sustainable electrification in Ghana: A review of renewable energy deployment policies," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 544-557.
    5. Tongsopit, Sopitsuda & Junlakarn, Siripha & Wibulpolprasert, Wichsinee & Chaianong, Aksornchan & Kokchang, Phimsupha & Hoang, Nghia Vu, 2019. "The economics of solar PV self-consumption in Thailand," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 138(C), pages 395-408.
    6. Chaianong, Aksornchan & Tongsopit, Sopitsuda & Bangviwat, Athikom & Menke, Christoph, 2019. "Bill saving analysis of rooftop PV customers and policy implications for Thailand," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 422-434.
    7. Axel Gautier & Julien Jacqmin & Jean-Christophe Poudou, 2018. "The prosumers and the grid," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 53(1), pages 100-126, February.
    8. Nikolaidis, Alexandros I. & Charalambous, Charalambos A., 2017. "Hidden financial implications of the net energy metering practice in an isolated power system: Critical review and policy insights," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 706-717.
    9. Georgios C. Christoforidis & Ioannis P. Panapakidis & Theofilos A. Papadopoulos & Grigoris K. Papagiannis & Ioannis Koumparou & Maria Hadjipanayi & George E. Georghiou, 2016. "A Model for the Assessment of Different Net-Metering Policies," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(4), pages 1-24, April.
    10. Ramírez, F. Javier & Honrubia-Escribano, A. & Gómez-Lázaro, E. & Pham, Duc T., 2017. "Combining feed-in tariffs and net-metering schemes to balance development in adoption of photovoltaic energy: Comparative economic assessment and policy implications for European countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 440-452.
    11. Chaianong, Aksornchan & Bangviwat, Athikom & Menke, Christoph & Breitschopf, Barbara & Eichhammer, Wolfgang, 2020. "Customer economics of residential PV–battery systems in Thailand," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 146(C), pages 297-308.
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