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Life cycle assessment in buildings: The ENSLIC simplified method and guidelines


  • Malmqvist, Tove
  • Glaumann, Mauritz
  • Scarpellini, Sabina
  • Zabalza, Ignacio
  • Aranda, Alfonso
  • Llera, Eva
  • Díaz, Sergio


Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is currently used to a very limited extent in the building sector, for several reasons. Firstly, making an LCA evaluation of a building demands a specific tool to handle the large dataset needed and this tool has to be adaptable to the different decisions taken throughout the life cycle of the building. Such tools have been developed in a few countries, but they are exceptions. However, useful experience has been gained in these countries, providing a valuable source of data for developing guidelines for application in other countries. Since the results of a building LCA may contain complex information, the great challenge is to devise efficient ways for communication of the results to users and clients.

Suggested Citation

  • Malmqvist, Tove & Glaumann, Mauritz & Scarpellini, Sabina & Zabalza, Ignacio & Aranda, Alfonso & Llera, Eva & Díaz, Sergio, 2011. "Life cycle assessment in buildings: The ENSLIC simplified method and guidelines," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 1900-1907.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:36:y:2011:i:4:p:1900-1907
    DOI: 10.1016/

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Nässén, Jonas & Holmberg, John & Wadeskog, Anders & Nyman, Madeleine, 2007. "Direct and indirect energy use and carbon emissions in the production phase of buildings: An input–output analysis," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 32(9), pages 1593-1602.
    2. Chen, T.Y & Burnett, J & Chau, C.K, 2001. "Analysis of embodied energy use in the residential building of Hong Kong," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 323-340.
    3. Lee, Kanghee & Tae, Sungho & Shin, Sungwoo, 2009. "Development of a Life Cycle Assessment Program for building (SUSB-LCA) in South Korea," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(8), pages 1994-2002, October.
    4. Yohanis, Y.G. & Norton, B., 2002. "Life-cycle operational and embodied energy for a generic single-storey office building in the UK," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 77-92.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ignacio Zabalza & Sabina Scarpellini & Alfonso Aranda & Eva Llera & Alberto Jáñez, 2013. "Use of LCA as a Tool for Building Ecodesign. A Case Study of a Low Energy Building in Spain," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(8), pages 1-21, August.
    2. Pernilla Hagbert & Mikael Mangold & Paula Femenías, 2013. "Paradoxes and Possibilities for a ‘Green’ Housing Sector: A Swedish Case," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(5), pages 1-18, May.
    3. Wu, Peng & Xia, Bo & Wang, Xiangyu, 2015. "The contribution of ISO 14067 to the evolution of global greenhouse gas standards—A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 142-150.
    4. Georgiadou, Maria Christina & Hacking, Theophilus & Guthrie, Peter, 2012. "A conceptual framework for future-proofing the energy performance of buildings," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 145-155.
    5. Zuo, Jian & Pullen, Stephen & Rameezdeen, Raufdeen & Bennetts, Helen & Wang, Yuan & Mao, Guozhu & Zhou, Zhihua & Du, Huibin & Duan, Huabo, 2017. "Green building evaluation from a life-cycle perspective in Australia: A critical review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 358-368.
    6. Anand, Chirjiv Kaur & Amor, Ben, 2017. "Recent developments, future challenges and new research directions in LCA of buildings: A critical review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 408-416.
    7. Julian Canto-Perello & Maria P. Martinez-Garcia & Jorge Curiel-Esparza & Manuel Martin-Utrillas, 2015. "Implementing Sustainability Criteria for Selecting a Roof Assembly Typology in Medium Span Buildings," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(6), pages 1-18, May.
    8. Jernej Markelj & Manja Kitek Kuzman & Petra Grošelj & Martina Zbašnik-Senegačnik, 2014. "A Simplified Method for Evaluating Building Sustainability in the Early Design Phase for Architects," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(12), pages 1-21, December.


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