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Research on China export structure adjustment: an embodied carbon perspective


  • Pi-qin Gong

    () (Beijing Institute of Technology
    Beijing Institute of Technology)

  • Bao-jun Tang

    () (Beijing Institute of Technology
    Beijing Institute of Technology)

  • Yu-chong Xiao

    (Beijing Institute of Technology
    Beijing Institute of Technology)

  • Gao-jie Lin

    (Beijing Institute of Technology
    Beijing Institute of Technology)

  • Jian-yun Liu

    (China Mobile Group Hebei Company Limited)


This paper calculated the embodied carbon in China export and its distribution in each industrial sector. The calculation results showed the total carbon emission of export experienced an increase before 2007 and then a decrease till 2010. The ratio of export embodied carbon accounting for the total carbon emission in China also increased from 31 % in 2002 to 52 % in 2007 and then declined to 40 % in 2010. As for distribution, the export embodied carbon emission of the following industries such as machinery and equipment manufacturing, metal products manufacturing industry, chemical industry, textile, clothing and leather products manufacturing industry ranked the highest. According to the calculation and analysis of the main driving factors of embodied carbon growth, we analyzed the structure effect, scale effect and technological effect’s influence on embodied carbon growth, respectively. We also calculated the trade competitiveness index of 17 export industries. Through research, we found that the products with strong international competitiveness belong to high-carbon-emission categories, which was the main reason of high carbon emission in China export. Finally, we proposed related policy suggestions to promote China’s export trade structural readjustment and optimization and China’s low carbon development in export.

Suggested Citation

  • Pi-qin Gong & Bao-jun Tang & Yu-chong Xiao & Gao-jie Lin & Jian-yun Liu, 2016. "Research on China export structure adjustment: an embodied carbon perspective," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 84(1), pages 129-151, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:nathaz:v:84:y:2016:i:1:d:10.1007_s11069-015-1948-7
    DOI: 10.1007/s11069-015-1948-7

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    References listed on IDEAS

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