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Electricity consumption and CO2 capture potential in Spain

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  • Romeo, Luis M.
  • Calvo, Elena
  • Valero, Antonio
  • De Vita, Alessia

Abstract

In this paper, different electricity demand scenarios for Spain are presented. Population, income per capita, energy intensity and the contribution of electricity to the total energy demand have been taken into account in the calculations. Technological role of different generation technologies, i.e. coal, nuclear, renewable, combined cycle (CC), combined heat and power (CHP) and carbon capture and storage (CCS), are examined in the form of scenarios up to 2050. Nine future scenarios corresponding to three electrical demands and three options for new capacity: minimum cost of electricity, minimum CO2 emissions and a criterion with a compromise between CO2 and cost (CO2-cost criterion) have been proposed. Calculations show reduction in CO2 emissions from 2020 to 2030, reaching a maximum CO2 emission reduction of 90% in 2050 in an efficiency scenario with CCS and renewables. The contribution of CCS from 2030 is important with percentage values of electricity production around 22–28% in 2050. The cost of electricity (COE) increases up to 25% in 2030, and then this value remains approximately constant or decreases slightly.

Suggested Citation

  • Romeo, Luis M. & Calvo, Elena & Valero, Antonio & De Vita, Alessia, 2009. "Electricity consumption and CO2 capture potential in Spain," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 34(9), pages 1341-1350.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:34:y:2009:i:9:p:1341-1350
    DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2009.04.035
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Boixo, Sergio & Diaz-Vicente, Marian & Colmenar, Antonio & Castro, Manuel Alonso, 2012. "Potential energy savings from cool roofs in Spain and Andalusia," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 425-438.
    2. Vögele, Stefan & Rübbelke, Dirk, 2013. "Decisions on investments in photovoltaics and carbon capture and storage: A comparison between two different greenhouse gas control strategies," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 385-392.
    3. Pezzini, Paola & Gomis-Bellmunt, Oriol & Frau-Valentí, Joan & Sudrià-Andreu, Antoni, 2010. "Energy efficiency optimization in distribution transformers considering Spanish distribution regulation policy," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 4685-4690.
    4. Iribarren, Diego & Petrakopoulou, Fontina & Dufour, Javier, 2013. "Environmental and thermodynamic evaluation of CO2 capture, transport and storage with and without enhanced resource recovery," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 477-485.
    5. Ghorbani, Afshin & Rahimpour, Hamid Reza & Ghasemi, Younes & Zoughi, Somayeh & Rahimpour, Mohammad Reza, 2014. "A Review of Carbon Capture and Sequestration in Iran: Microalgal Biofixation Potential in Iran," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 73-100.
    6. Arce, Pablo & Medrano, Marc & Gil, Antoni & Oró, Eduard & Cabeza, Luisa F., 2011. "Overview of thermal energy storage (TES) potential energy savings and climate change mitigation in Spain and Europe," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(8), pages 2764-2774, August.
    7. Catalão, J.P.S. & Pousinho, H.M.I. & Mendes, V.M.F., 2011. "Hydro energy systems management in Portugal: Profit-based evaluation of a mixed-integer nonlinear approach," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 500-507.
    8. Mazandarani, A. & Mahlia, T.M.I. & Chong, W.T. & Moghavvemi, M., 2011. "Fuel consumption and emission prediction by Iranian power plants until 2025," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 1575-1592, April.
    9. Köne, Aylin Çigdem & Büke, Tayfun, 2010. "Forecasting of CO2 emissions from fuel combustion using trend analysis," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(9), pages 2906-2915, December.
    10. Alcántara, Vicent & del Río, Pablo & Hernández, Félix, 2010. "Structural analysis of electricity consumption by productive sectors. The Spanish case," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 2088-2098.
    11. Gómez, Antonio & Zubizarreta, Javier & Dopazo, César & Fueyo, Norberto, 2011. "Spanish energy roadmap to 2020: Socioeconomic implications of renewable targets," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 1973-1985.
    12. AlFarra, Hasan Jamil & Abu-Hijleh, Bassam, 2012. "The potential role of nuclear energy in mitigating CO2 emissions in the United Arab Emirates," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 272-285.

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    Keywords

    Electricity consumption; CO2 emission scenarios; CCS;

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