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Multi-layer perception based model predictive control for the thermal power of nuclear superheated-steam supply systems


  • Dong, Zhe
  • Zhang, Zuoyi
  • Dong, Yujie
  • Huang, Xiaojin


Nuclear superheated-steam supply systems (Su-NSSS) produces superheated steam flow for electricity generation or process heat. Although the current Su-NSSS control law can guarantee satisfactory closed-loop stability, which regulates the neutron flux, primary coolant temperature and live steam temperature by adjusting the control rod speed as well as primary and secondary flowrates, however, the control performance needs to be further optimized. Motivated by the necessity of optimizing the thermal power response, a novel multi-layer perception (MLP) based model predictive control (MPC) is proposed in this paper, which is constituted by a MLP-based prediction model and the control input designed along the direction opposite to the gradient of a given performance index. It is proved theoretically that this MLP-based MPC guarantees globally-bounded closed-loop stability. Finally, this newly-built MLP-based MPC is applied to the thermal power control of a Su-NSSS, whose implementation is given by forming a cascaded feedback control loop with the currently existing Su-NSSS power-level control in the inner loop for stabilization and with this new MPC in the outer loop for optimization. Numerical simulation results verify the correctness of theoretical result, and show the satisfactory improvement in optimizing the thermal power response.

Suggested Citation

  • Dong, Zhe & Zhang, Zuoyi & Dong, Yujie & Huang, Xiaojin, 2018. "Multi-layer perception based model predictive control for the thermal power of nuclear superheated-steam supply systems," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 151(C), pages 116-125.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:151:y:2018:i:c:p:116-125
    DOI: 10.1016/

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lykidi, Maria & Gourdel, Pascal, 2015. "How to manage flexible nuclear power plants in a deregulated electricity market from the point of view of social welfare?," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 167-180.
    2. Rowinski, Marcin Karol & White, Timothy John & Zhao, Jiyun, 2015. "Small and Medium sized Reactors (SMR): A review of technology," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 643-656.
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    4. Dong, Zhe & Pan, Yifei & Zhang, Zuoyi & Dong, Yujie & Huang, Xiaojin, 2017. "Model-free adaptive control law for nuclear superheated-steam supply systems," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 135(C), pages 53-67.
    5. Zhe Dong, 2014. "An Artificial Neural Network Compensated Output Feedback Power-Level Control for Modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(3), pages 1-22, February.
    6. Zhe Dong, 2013. "A Neural-Network-Based Nonlinear Adaptive State-Observer for Pressurized Water Reactors," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(10), pages 1-20, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lei Yu, 2019. "Undisturbed Switching Control Method of Superheated Steam Temperature Systems," Complexity, Hindawi, vol. 2019, pages 1-8, June.
    2. Di Jiang & Zhe Dong & Miao Liu & Xiaojin Huang, 2018. "Dynamic Matrix Control for the Thermal Power of MHTGR-Based Nuclear Steam Supply System," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(10), pages 1-15, October.
    3. Dong, Zhe & Huang, Xiaojin & Dong, Yujie & Zhang, Zuoyi, 2020. "Multilayer perception based reinforcement learning supervisory control of energy systems with application to a nuclear steam supply system," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 259(C).
    4. Kwan, Trevor Hocksun & Wu, Xiaofeng & Yao, Qinghe, 2018. "Integrated TEG-TEC and variable coolant flow rate controller for temperature control and energy harvesting," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 159(C), pages 448-456.
    5. Oravec, Juraj & Bakošová, Monika & Galčíková, Lenka & Slávik, Michal & Horváthová, Michaela & Mészáros, Alajos, 2019. "Soft-constrained robust model predictive control of a plate heat exchanger: Experimental analysis," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 180(C), pages 303-314.
    6. Oravec, Juraj & Bakošová, Monika & Trafczynski, Marian & Vasičkaninová, Anna & Mészáros, Alajos & Markowski, Mariusz, 2018. "Robust model predictive control and PID control of shell-and-tube heat exchangers," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 159(C), pages 1-10.
    7. Liu, Teng & Wang, Bo & Yang, Chenglang, 2018. "Online Markov Chain-based energy management for a hybrid tracked vehicle with speedy Q-learning," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 160(C), pages 544-555.


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