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Multilevel governance and deployment of solar PV panels in U.S. cities

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  • Li, Hui
  • Yi, Hongtao

Abstract

Solar photovoltaic (PV) installations have been growing rapidly in the United States over the last few years, incentivized by policies from federal, state and local governments. The complex relationships between solar policies at multiple levels of government and solar deployment are questions of importance to policy makers and scholars. Extant literature on solar policies pays less attention to the role of local governments and policies than to their federal and state counterparts. Local governments and policies play indispensable roles in the deployment of solar PVs. This paper studies the multilevel governance of solar development in the U.S. by evaluating the relative effectiveness of state and local policy tools in stimulating solar PV installations, with an emphasis on local solar policies. With a regression analysis on a national sample of 186 U.S. cities, we find that cities with local financial incentives deploy 69% more solar PV capacities than cities without such policies. We also find that cities subject to RPS requirements have 295% more solar PV capacity, compared with cities not regulated by state RPS.

Suggested Citation

  • Li, Hui & Yi, Hongtao, 2014. "Multilevel governance and deployment of solar PV panels in U.S. cities," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 19-27.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:69:y:2014:i:c:p:19-27
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2014.03.006
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Overholm, Harald, 2015. "Spreading the rooftop revolution: What policies enable solar-as-a-service?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 69-79.
    2. repec:eee:enepol:v:117:y:2018:i:c:p:463-472 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Yi, Hongtao, 2015. "Clean-energy policies and electricity sector carbon emissions in the U.S. states," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 19-29.
    4. Neij, Lena & Heiskanen, Eva & Strupeit, Lars, 2017. "The deployment of new energy technologies and the need for local learning," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 274-283.
    5. Zheng, Shiming & Yi, Hongtao & Li, Hui, 2015. "The impacts of provincial energy and environmental policies on air pollution control in China," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 386-394.
    6. Shazmin, S.A.A. & Sipan, I. & Sapri, M. & Ali, H.M. & Raji, F., 2017. "Property tax assessment incentive for green building: Energy saving based-model," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 122(C), pages 329-339.
    7. Burkhardt, Jesse & Wiser, Ryan & Darghouth, Naïm & Dong, C.G. & Huneycutt, Joshua, 2015. "Exploring the impact of permitting and local regulatory processes on residential solar prices in the United States," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 102-112.
    8. Lee, Minhyun & Hong, Taehoon & Koo, Choongwan, 2016. "An economic impact analysis of state solar incentives for improving financial performance of residential solar photovoltaic systems in the United States," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 590-607.
    9. Shazmin, S.A.A. & Sipan, I. & Sapri, M., 2016. "Property tax assessment incentives for green building: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 536-548.
    10. repec:eee:rensus:v:77:y:2017:i:c:p:273-286 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Gutiérrez-Alcaraz, G. & Galván, E. & González-Cabrera, N. & Javadi, M.S., 2015. "Renewable energy resources short-term scheduling and dynamic network reconfiguration for sustainable energy consumption," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 256-264.
    12. Cheng, Quan & Yi, Hongtao, 2017. "Complementarity and substitutability: A review of state level renewable energy policy instrument interactions," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 683-691.
    13. repec:eee:rensus:v:75:y:2017:i:c:p:1066-1080 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Solar PV; State policies; Local policies;

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