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Economic potential of demand response at household level—Are Central-European market conditions sufficient?


  • Prüggler, Natalie


The aim of this paper is to show the economic potential of demand response (DR) on household level at Central European market conditions. Thereby, required economic benefits for consumers' participation, the realistic load shifting potential at household level and the estimation of essential intelligent infrastructure costs are discussed. The core of this paper builds a case-study applying spot market-oriented load shifting from the supplier's point of view by using Austrian electricity market data, household load profiles as well as a heat pump and e-car charging load profile. It is demonstrated which cost savings for suppliers can be derived from such load shifting procedure at household level. Furthermore, upper cost limits for intelligent infrastructure in order to break-even are derived. Results suggest to take a critical look at European discussions on DR implementation on household level, showing that at Central European market conditions the potential for DR at household level is restricted to significant loads and hence, the applied load shifting strategy is only beneficial with application to heat pumps. In contrast, the frequently discussed shifting of conventional household devices' loads (such as washing machines) economically does not add up.

Suggested Citation

  • Prüggler, Natalie, 2013. "Economic potential of demand response at household level—Are Central-European market conditions sufficient?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 487-498.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:60:y:2013:i:c:p:487-498
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.04.044

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Newsham, Guy R. & Birt, Benjamin J. & Rowlands, Ian H., 2011. "A comparison of four methods to evaluate the effect of a utility residential air-conditioner load control program on peak electricity use," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 6376-6389, October.
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    8. Walawalkar, Rahul & Blumsack, Seth & Apt, Jay & Fernands, Stephen, 2008. "An economic welfare analysis of demand response in the PJM electricity market," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 3692-3702, October.
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