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Energy conservation in China's higher educationinstitutions


  • Lo, Kevin


This paper analyzes the energy conservation situation in China's higher education institutions (HEIs). A case study was conducted in Changchun, Jilin, where eight HEIs of various types were examined. An analysis of government policies was also performed. The findings indicate that the HEIs have implemented comprehensive non-technical initiatives to conserve electricity, including electricity restrictions and extensions of winter breaks, as well as certain technical initiatives. The HEIs are less enthusiastic in conserving thermal energy due to a lack of financial incentives and resources. Differences between the HEIs are also noted. This paper discusses the role of key players, including administrators, government agencies, networks, students and non-government organizations (NGOs). Challenges to energy conservation are also identified, such as the lack of investment by schools, lack of government funding, quality problems in energy conservation products, inadequate heat metering reform, underperformance of energy service companies (ESCOs), and conflicts between energy conservation and student welfare. Policy recommendations are offered based on the analysis results.

Suggested Citation

  • Lo, Kevin, 2013. "Energy conservation in China's higher educationinstitutions," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 703-710.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:56:y:2013:i:c:p:703-710
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.01.036

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kostka, Genia & Shin, Kyoung, 2013. "Energy conservation through energy service companies: Empirical analysis from China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 748-759.
    2. Ward, Ian & Ogbonna, Anthony & Altan, Hasim, 2008. "Sector review of UK higher education energy consumption," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(8), pages 2929-2939, August.
    3. Liu, Lanbin & Fu, Lin & Jiang, Yi & Guo, Shan, 2011. "Major issues and solutions in the heat-metering reform in China," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 673-680, January.
    4. Li, Jun & Colombier, Michel & Giraud, Pierre-Noël, 2009. "Decision on optimal building energy efficiency standard in China--The case for Tianjin," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(7), pages 2546-2559, July.
    5. Price, Lynn & Levine, Mark D. & Zhou, Nan & Fridley, David & Aden, Nathaniel & Lu, Hongyou & McNeil, Michael & Zheng, Nina & Qin, Yining & Yowargana, Ping, 2011. "Assessment of China's energy-saving and emission-reduction accomplishments and opportunities during the 11th Five Year Plan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(4), pages 2165-2178, April.
    6. Altan, Hasim, 2010. "Energy efficiency interventions in UK higher education institutions," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(12), pages 7722-7731, December.
    7. Yuan, Jiahai & Kang, Junjie & Yu, Cong & Hu, Zhaoguang, 2011. "Energy conservation and emissions reduction in China—Progress and prospective," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(9), pages 4334-4347.
    8. Marino, Angelica & Bertoldi, Paolo & Rezessy, Silvia & Boza-Kiss, Benigna, 2011. "A snapshot of the European energy service market in 2010 and policy recommendations to foster a further market development," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 6190-6198, October.
    9. Shilei, Lv & Yong, Wu & Jinying, Sun, 2009. "Pattern analysis and suggestion of energy efficiency retrofit for existing residential buildings in China's northern heating region," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(6), pages 2102-2105, June.
    10. Yuan, Xueliang & Zuo, Jian, 2011. "Transition to low carbon energy policies in China--from the Five-Year Plan perspective," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 3855-3859, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:endesu:v:19:y:2017:i:6:d:10.1007_s10668-016-9845-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Haro, Pedro & Aracil, Cristina & Vidal-Barrero, Fernando & Ollero, Pedro, 2015. "Balance and saving of GHG emissions in thermochemical biorefineries," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 147(C), pages 444-455.
    3. repec:eee:thpobi:v:116:y:2017:i:c:p:27-32 is not listed on IDEAS


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