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Do countries or industries explain momentum in Europe?

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  • Nijman, Theo
  • Swinkels, Laurens
  • Verbeek, Marno

Abstract

The driving force behind the well-documented medium term momentum effect in stock returns is subject of much debate. Empirical papers that aim to find the determinants of this return continuation, seem to be almost exclusively restricted to US stock markets. Consequently, regional effects have received little attention in these analyses. This paper contributes to the discussion by investigating the presence of country and industry momentum in Europe and addressing the question whether individual stock momentum is subsumed by country or industry momentum.We examine these issues by introducing a portfolio-based regression approach, which allows to test hypotheses about the existence and relative importance of multiple effects using standard statistical techniques. While the traditional sorting techniques are not suited to disentangle a multitude of possibly interrelated effects (e.g. momentum, value, and size), our method can be used even when only a moderate number of stocks are available. Our results suggest that the positive expected excess returns of momentum strategies in European stock markets are primarily driven by individual stocks effects, while industry momentum plays a less important role and country momentum is even weaker. These results are robust to the inclusion of value and size effects.
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Suggested Citation

  • Nijman, Theo & Swinkels, Laurens & Verbeek, Marno, 2004. "Do countries or industries explain momentum in Europe?," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 461-481, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:empfin:v:11:y:2004:i:4:p:461-481
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Bettman, Jenni L. & Maher, Thomas R.B. & Sault, Stephen J., 2009. "Momentum profits in the Australian equity market: A matched firm approach," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 565-579, November.
    2. Philip A. Stork, 2011. "The intertemporal mechanics of European stock price momentum," Studies in Economics and Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 28(3), pages 217-232, August.
    3. Gupta, Kartick & Locke, Stuart & Scrimgeour, Frank, 2010. "International comparison of returns from conventional, industrial and 52-week high momentum strategies," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 423-435, October.
    4. Huij, Joop & Post, Thierry, 2011. "On the performance of emerging market equity mutual funds," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 238-249, September.
    5. Nielsen, Caren Yinxia, 2011. "Hidden in the Factors? The Effect of Credit Risk on the Cross-section of Equity Returns," Working Papers 2011:38, Lund University, Department of Economics, revised 01 Oct 2016.
    6. Luis Muga & Rafael Santamaría, 2007. "The Momentum Effect in Latin American Emerging Markets," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 43(4), pages 24-45, August.
    7. Fernando F. Ferreira & A. Christian Silva & Ju-Yi Yen, 2014. "Information ratio analysis of momentum strategies," Papers 1402.3030, arXiv.org, revised Jul 2014.
    8. Shynkevich, Andrei, 2012. "Short-term predictability of equity returns along two style dimensions," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 19(5), pages 675-685.
    9. Huij, Joop & Derwall, Jeroen, 2011. "Global equity fund performance, portfolio concentration, and the fundamental law of active management," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 155-165, January.
    10. De Bondt, Werner & Palm, Franz & Wolff, Christian, 2004. "Introduction to the special issue on behavioral finance," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 423-427, September.
    11. repec:jfr:ijfr11:v:8:y:2017:i:4:p:38-52 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Liu, Ming & Liu, Qianqiu & Ma, Tongshu, 2011. "The 52-week high momentum strategy in international stock markets," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 180-204, February.
    13. Laura Andreu & Laurens Swinkels & Liam Tjong-A-Tjoe, 2013. "Can exchange traded funds be used to exploit industry and country momentum?," Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Springer;Swiss Society for Financial Market Research, vol. 27(2), pages 127-148, June.
    14. Foster, Kevin R. & Kharazi, Ali, 2008. "Contrarian and momentum returns on Iran's Tehran Stock Exchange," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 16-30, February.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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