Does prenatal healthcare improve child birthweight outcomes in Azerbaijan? Results of the national Demographic and Health Survey
This paper evaluates the effectiveness of prenatal healthcare in Azerbaijan on improving child birthweight using the 2006 Azerbaijan Demographic and Health Survey, a nationally representative survey of reproductive aged women. Two measures of prenatal health utilization are used to measure healthcare input--the number of prenatal visits and the quality index of health care. Endogeneity in prenatal healthcare utilization is controlled by 2SLS regression. Selection bias of probability of child being weighed is controlled by a binomial probit regression. We found that prenatal healthcare does improve child birthweight. The results of the 2SLS suggest that an additional prenatal visit increases birthweight by about 26Â g, or approximately 0.8% of the raw mean of birthweight in the country. Likewise, a unit increase in quality of prenatal healthcare increases birthweight by 21Â g or by approximately 1.3% of the birthweight. In general, the magnitude of prenatal care impact in Azerbaijan is comparable with that in other countries.
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