Activity signature functions for high-frequency data analysis
We define a new concept termed activity signature function, which is constructed from discrete observations of a continuous-time process, and derive its asymptotic properties as the sampling frequency increases. We show that the function is a useful device for estimating the activity level of the underlying process and in particular for deciding whether the process contains a continuous martingale. An application to $ /DM exchange rate over 1986-1999 indicates that a jump-diffusion model is more plausible than a pure-jump model. A second application to internet traffic at NASA servers shows that an infinite variation pure-jump model is appropriate for its modeling.
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