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Does the market deliver the right technology?

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  • Toulemonde, Eric

Abstract

We show that the market does not systematically deliver the right technology under monopolistic competition. (i) Firms might rush on large-scale technology, pushing to the exit many desirable varieties produced by small firms. (ii) Firms might shun large-scale technology, though that technology would benefit the society through lower prices. (iii) A bias towards small-scale technology in some stage of development, and a bias towards large-scale technology in another stage is also a possibility.

Suggested Citation

  • Toulemonde, Eric, 2017. "Does the market deliver the right technology?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 150(C), pages 95-98.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolet:v:150:y:2017:i:c:p:95-98
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econlet.2016.11.013
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Michael Spence, 1976. "Product Selection, Fixed Costs, and Monopolistic Competition," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 43(2), pages 217-235.
    2. Parenti, Mathieu & Ushchev, Philip & Thisse, Jacques-François, 2017. "Toward a theory of monopolistic competition," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 167(C), pages 86-115.
    3. Evgeny Zhelobodko & Sergey Kokovin & Mathieu Parenti & Jacques‐François Thisse, 2012. "Monopolistic Competition: Beyond the Constant Elasticity of Substitution," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 80(6), pages 2765-2784, November.
    4. Bykadorov, Igor & Gorn, Alexey & Kokovin, Sergey & Zhelobodko, Evgeny, 2015. "Why are losses from trade unlikely?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 129(C), pages 35-38.
    5. Takao Ohkawa & Makoto Okamura & Noritsugu Nakanishi & Kazuharu Kiyono, 2005. "The Market Selects The Wrong Firms In The Long Run ," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 46(4), pages 1143-1165, November.
    6. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
    7. Kai-Uwe Kuhn & Xavier Vives, 1999. "Excess Entry, Vertical Integration, and Welfare," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 30(4), pages 575-603, Winter.
    8. Xavier Vives, 2008. "INNOVATION AND COMPETITIVE PRESSURE -super-," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 56(3), pages 419-469, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Welfare; Monopolistic competition; Productivity; Technology;

    JEL classification:

    • D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
    • D2 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations
    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • L1 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance

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