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Species protection from current reserves: Economic and biological considerations, spatial issues and policy evaluation


  • Hamaide, Bertrand
  • Sheerin, Jack


The expansion of nature reserves is an important public policy strategy for the protection of biological diversity. In this paper, the authors use integer programming model structures derived from Location Set Covering Problem and Maximal Covering Location Problem approaches of location science as tools for selectively augmenting nature reserve sites for special status species protection. The linear programming models presented incorporate the following: biological constraints in the form of species' area needs; economic constraints in the form of opportunity costs of converting smaller administrative districts into nature reserves; and spatial constraints in the form of required connectivity among districts in site selection. The construction of a taxonomic data set for Thailand enables the implementation of the models, the comparison of results and evaluation of the differences in outcomes. The models build upon the existing nature reserve network in Thailand and suggest various public policy options that would augment the reserves for enhancing species protection and for possibly improving national conservation efforts at lowest costs.

Suggested Citation

  • Hamaide, Bertrand & Sheerin, Jack, 2011. "Species protection from current reserves: Economic and biological considerations, spatial issues and policy evaluation," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(4), pages 667-675, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:70:y:2011:i:4:p:667-675

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Healy, Andrew J. & Jitsuchon, Somchai, 2007. "Finding the poor in Thailand," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 739-759, October.
    2. Albers, Heidi J. & Robinson, Elizabeth J.Z., 2007. "Spatial-temporal aspects of cost-benefit analysis for park management: An example from Khao Yai National Park, Thailand," Journal of Forest Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(2-3), pages 129-150, August.
    3. Nalle, Darek J. & Montgomery, Claire A. & Arthur, Jeffrey L. & Polasky, Stephen & Schumaker, Nathan H., 2004. "Modeling joint production of wildlife and timber," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 48(3), pages 997-1017, November.
    4. Williams, Justin C. & ReVelle, Charles S. & Bain, Daniel J., 2003. "A decision model for selecting protected habitat areas within migratory flyways," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 239-268, December.
    5. Williams, Justin C. & ReVelle, Charles S., 1998. "Reserve assemblage of critical areas: A zero-one programming approach," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 104(3), pages 497-509, February.
    6. Costello, Christopher & Polasky, Stephen, 2004. "Dynamic reserve site selection," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 157-174, June.
    7. Stephen Polasky & Jeffrey D. Camm & Brian Garber-Yonts, 2001. "Selecting Biological Reserves Cost-Effectively: An Application to Terrestrial Vertebrate Conservation in Oregon," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 77(1), pages 68-78.
    8. Hamaide, Bertrand & ReVelle, Charles S. & Malcolm, Scott A., 2006. "Biological reserves, rare species and the trade-off between species abundance and species diversity," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 570-583, April.
    9. Sims, Katharine R.E., 2010. "Conservation and development: Evidence from Thai protected areas," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 94-114, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bamière, Laure & David, Maia & Vermont, Bruno, 2013. "Agri-environmental policies for biodiversity when the spatial pattern of the reserve matters," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 97-104.
    2. Hamaide, Bertrand & Albers, Heidi J. & Busby, Gwenlyn, 2014. "Backup coverage models in nature reserve site selection with spatial spread risk heterogeneity," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 158-167.


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