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Direct comparison of agent-based models of herding in financial markets

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  • Barde, Sylvain

Abstract

The present paper tests a new model comparison methodology by comparing multiple calibrations of three agent-based models of financial markets on the daily returns of 24 stock market indices and exchange rate series. The models chosen for this empirical application are the herding model of Gilli and Winker (2003), its asymmetric version by Alfarano et al. (2005) and the more recent model by Franke and Westerhoff (2011), which all share a common lineage to the herding model introduced by Kirman (1993). In addition, standard ARCH processes are included for each financial series to provide a benchmark for the explanatory power of the models. The methodology provides a consistent and statistically significant ranking of the three models. More importantly, it also reveals that the best performing model, Franke and Westerhoff, is generally not distinguishable from an ARCH-type process, suggesting their explanatory power on the data is similar.

Suggested Citation

  • Barde, Sylvain, 2016. "Direct comparison of agent-based models of herding in financial markets," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 329-353.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:73:y:2016:i:c:p:329-353
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jedc.2016.10.005
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Gallegati, Mauro & Kirman, Alan, 2019. "20 years of WEHIA: A journey in search of a safer road," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 157(C), pages 5-14.
    2. Lamperti, Francesco & Roventini, Andrea & Sani, Amir, 2018. "Agent-based model calibration using machine learning surrogates," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 366-389.
    3. Guerini, Mattia & Moneta, Alessio, 2017. "A method for agent-based models validation," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 125-141.
    4. Lux, Thomas, 2017. "Estimation of agent-based models using sequential Monte Carlo methods," Economics Working Papers 2017-07, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
    5. Sylvain Barde & Sander van der Hoog, 2017. "An empirical validation protocol for large-scale agent-based models," Studies in Economics 1712, School of Economics, University of Kent.
    6. Lucas Fievet & Didier Sornette, 2018. "Calibrating emergent phenomena in stock markets with agent based models," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 13(3), pages 1-17, March.
    7. Donovan Platt, 2019. "A Comparison of Economic Agent-Based Model Calibration Methods," Papers 1902.05938, arXiv.org.
    8. Platt, Donovan & Gebbie, Tim, 2018. "Can agent-based models probe market microstructure?," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 503(C), pages 1092-1106.
    9. Kukacka, Jiri & Kristoufek, Ladislav, 2020. "Do ‘complex’ financial models really lead to complex dynamics? Agent-based models and multifractality," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 113(C).
    10. Barde, Sylvain, 2020. "Macroeconomic simulation comparison with a multivariate extension of the Markov information criterion," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 111(C).
    11. Giorgio Fagiolo & Mattia Guerini & Francesco Lamperti & Alessio Moneta & Andrea Roventini, 2017. "Validation of Agent-Based Models in Economics and Finance," LEM Papers Series 2017/23, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    12. Sander Hoog, 2019. "Surrogate Modelling in (and of) Agent-Based Models: A Prospectus," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 53(3), pages 1245-1263, March.
    13. Herbert Dawid & Philipp Harting & Sander Hoog & Michael Neugart, 2019. "Macroeconomics with heterogeneous agent models: fostering transparency, reproducibility and replication," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 467-538, March.
    14. Platt, Donovan, 2020. "A comparison of economic agent-based model calibration methods," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 113(C).
    15. Matteo Richiardi, 2016. "Editorial," International Journal of Microsimulation, International Microsimulation Association, vol. 9(3), pages 1-4.
    16. Francesco Lamperti, 2018. "Empirical validation of simulated models through the GSL-div: an illustrative application," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 13(1), pages 143-171, April.
    17. Adam Majewski & Stefano Ciliberti & Jean-Philippe Bouchaud, 2018. "Co-existence of Trend and Value in Financial Markets: Estimating an Extended Chiarella Model," Papers 1807.11751, arXiv.org.
    18. Majewski, Adam A. & Ciliberti, Stefano & Bouchaud, Jean-Philippe, 2020. "Co-existence of trend and value in financial markets: Estimating an extended Chiarella model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 112(C).
    19. Lamperti, Francesco, 2018. "An information theoretic criterion for empirical validation of simulation models," Econometrics and Statistics, Elsevier, vol. 5(C), pages 83-106.
    20. Nils Bertschinger & Iurii Mozzhorin, 0. "Bayesian estimation and likelihood-based comparison of agent-based volatility models," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 0, pages 1-38.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Model selection; Agent-based models; Herding behaviour;

    JEL classification:

    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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