Agent-Based Computational Economics: A Constructive Approach to Economic Theory
This chapter explores the potential advantages and disadvantages of Agent-based Computational Economics (ACE) for the study of economic systems. General points are concretely illustrated using an ACE model of a two-sector decentralized market economy. Six issues are highlighted: Constructive understanding of production, pricing, and trade processes; the essential primacy of survival; strategic rivalry and market power; behavioral uncertainty and learning; the role of conventions and organizations; and the complex interactions among structural attributes, behaviors, and institutional arrangements. Extensive annotated pointers to ACE surveys, research, course materials, and software can be accessed here: http://www.econ.iastate.edu/tesfatsi/ace.htm
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