On the relationships among latent variables and residuals in PLS path modeling: The formative-reflective scheme
A new approach for the estimation and the validation of a Structural Equation Model with a formative-reflective scheme is presented. The basis of the paper is a proposal for overcoming a potential deficiency of PLS Path Modeling. In the PLS approach the reflective scheme assumed for the endogenous latent variables is inverted; moreover, the model errors are not explicitly taken into account for the estimation of the endogenous latent variables. The proposed approach utilizes all the relevant information in the formative manifest variables providing solutions which respect the causal structure of the model. The estimation procedure is based on the optimization of the redundancy criterion. The new approach, entitled Redundancy Analysis approach to Path Modeling is compared with both traditional PLS Path Modeling and LISREL methodology, on the basis of real and simulated data.
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- Tenenhaus, Michel & Vinzi, Vincenzo Esposito & Chatelin, Yves-Marie & Lauro, Carlo, 2005. "PLS path modeling," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 159-205, January.
- Arnold Wollenberg, 1977. "Redundancy analysis an alternative for canonical correlation analysis," Psychometrika, Springer, vol. 42(2), pages 207-219, June.
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