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Who times the foreign exchange market? Corporate speculation and CEO characteristics

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  • Beber, Alessandro
  • Fabbri, Daniela

Abstract

This paper shows that managers' personal beliefs and individual characteristics explain a large share of the substantial time-variation of derivative use beyond firm, industry, and market fundamentals. We construct a panel data set of foreign currency derivative holdings and currency exposures for U.S. non-financial firms. We use a novel approach to build a firm-specific foreign exchange return. We find that managers adjust derivatives notional amounts in response to past foreign exchange returns, as if they were forming views on future currency prices. We then construct an empirical measure of speculative behavior for each firm to investigate the profile of the speculator. Firms where the CEO holds an MBA degree, is younger, and has less previous working experience speculate more. These results are consistent with overconfident managers taking more risk.

Suggested Citation

  • Beber, Alessandro & Fabbri, Daniela, 2012. "Who times the foreign exchange market? Corporate speculation and CEO characteristics," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 1065-1087.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:corfin:v:18:y:2012:i:5:p:1065-1087
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2012.07.004
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    Cited by:

    1. Francis, Bill B. & Hasan, Iftekhar & Hunter, Delroy M. & Zhu, Yun, 2017. "Do managerial risk-taking incentives influence firms' exchange rate exposure?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 154-169.
    2. Rossi, José Luiz Júnior, 2011. "Hedge or Speculation? Evidence of the use of derivatives by Brazilian firms during the financial crisis," Insper Working Papers wpe_243, Insper Working Paper, Insper Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa.
    3. Hecht, Andreas, 2017. "On the determinants of speculation - a case for extended disclosures in corporate risk management," Hohenheim Discussion Papers in Business, Economics and Social Sciences 15-2017, University of Hohenheim, Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences.
    4. Fauver, Larry & Naranjo, Andy, 2010. "Derivative usage and firm value: The influence of agency costs and monitoring problems," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 719-735, December.
    5. Adam, Tim R. & Burg, Valentin & Scheinert, Tobias & Streitz, Daniel, 2014. "Managerial Optimism and Debt Contract Design: The Case of Syndicated Loans," Discussion Paper Series of SFB/TR 15 Governance and the Efficiency of Economic Systems 475, Free University of Berlin, Humboldt University of Berlin, University of Bonn, University of Mannheim, University of Munich.
    6. King, Timothy & Srivastav, Abhishek & Williams, Jonathan, 2016. "What's in an education? Implications of CEO education for bank performance," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 287-308.
    7. Fabling, Richard & Grimes, Arthur, 2008. "Do Exporters Cut the Hedge? Who Hedges, When and Why?," Occasional Papers 08/2, Ministry of Economic Development, New Zealand.
    8. Richard Fabling & Arthur Grimes, 2015. "Over the Hedge: Do Exporters Practice Selective Hedging?," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 35(4), pages 321-338, April.
    9. Hu, Conghui & Liu, Yu-Jane, 2015. "Valuing diversity: CEOs' career experiences and corporate investment," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 11-31.
    10. Tim R. Adam & Chitru S. Fernando & Jesus M. Salas, 2012. "Why Do Firms Engage in Selective Hedging?," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2012-019, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    11. Tim R. Adam & Chitru S. Fernando & Evgenia Golubeva, 2012. "Managerial Overconfidence and Corporate Risk Management," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2012-018, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    12. Sriya Anbil & Alessio Saretto & Heather Tookes, 2016. "Does Hedging with Derivatives Reduce the Market's Perception of Credit Risk?," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2016-100, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    13. repec:eee:jbfina:v:86:y:2018:i:c:p:70-86 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Behavioral corporate finance; CEO characteristics; Speculation; Risk management;

    JEL classification:

    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General

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