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The effects of venture capital syndicate diversity on earnings management and performance of IPOs in the US and UK: An institutional perspective

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  • Chahine, Salim
  • Arthurs, Jonathan D.
  • Filatotchev, Igor
  • Hoskisson, Robert E.

Abstract

This study examines the extent to which principal–principal agency conflicts within venture capital (VC) syndicates lead to additional principal–agent conflicts in IPO firms in two institutional contexts. Using a matched sample of 274 VC-backed IPOs in the US and the UK, it shows that the diversity of a VC syndicate increases pre-IPO discretionary current accruals, used as a proxy for earnings management, but the impact of such diversity is higher in the US. There is also evidence of higher underpricing and lower aftermarket performance in firms with higher earnings management and VC diversity, and these negative performance effects are also higher in the US. Our findings indicate that local and informal institutions have a significant effect on multiple agency conflicts in IPO firms and performance outcomes.

Suggested Citation

  • Chahine, Salim & Arthurs, Jonathan D. & Filatotchev, Igor & Hoskisson, Robert E., 2012. "The effects of venture capital syndicate diversity on earnings management and performance of IPOs in the US and UK: An institutional perspective," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 179-192.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:corfin:v:18:y:2012:i:1:p:179-192
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2011.11.007
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Richard A. Bettis & Constance E. Helfat & J. Myles Shaver & U. David Park & Abhishek Borah & Suresh Kotha, 2016. "Signaling revisited: The use of signals in the market for IPOs," Strategic Management Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(11), pages 2362-2377, November.
    2. Humphery-Jenner, Mark & Suchard, Jo-Ann, 2013. "Foreign VCs and venture success: Evidence from China," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 16-35.
    3. Cumming, Douglas J. & Grilli, Luca & Murtinu, Samuele, 2017. "Governmental and independent venture capital investments in Europe: A firm-level performance analysis," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 439-459.
    4. repec:eee:finana:v:52:y:2017:i:c:p:62-76 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Li, Weiwen & Bruton, Garry D. & Filatotchev, Igor, 2016. "Mitigating the dual liability of newness and foreignness in capital markets: The role of returnee independent directors," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 51(5), pages 787-799.
    6. Bradley, Daniel & Yuan, Xiaojing, 2013. "Information spillovers around seasoned equity offerings," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 106-118.
    7. Asif Siddiqui & Dora Marinova & Amzad Hossain, 2016. "Impact of Venture Capital Investment Syndication on Enterprise Lifecycle and Success," International Journal of Economics and Finance, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 8(5), pages 75-85, May.
    8. Cumming, Douglas & Henriques, Irene & Sadorsky, Perry, 2016. "‘Cleantech’ venture capital around the world," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 86-97.
    9. Bertay, Ata & Uras, Burak, 2016. "Leverage, Bank Employee Compensation and Institutions," Discussion Paper 2016-004, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    10. Dae-il Nam & Haemin Dennis Park & Jonathan D. Arthurs, 2014. "Looking Attractive until You Sell: Earnings Management, Lockup Expiration, and Venture Capitalists," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(8), pages 1286-1310, December.
    11. Chuntai Jin & Tianze Li & Steven Xiaofan Zheng, 2016. "IPO Offering Size and Analyst Forecasts," Review of Pacific Basin Financial Markets and Policies (RPBFMP), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 19(03), pages 1-25, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Earnings management; Initial public offerings; Venture capital; Conflicts of interest; Institutions;

    JEL classification:

    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • M41 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Accounting

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