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Global bifurcations in a piecewise-smooth Cournot duopoly game

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  • Tramontana, Fabio
  • Gardini, Laura
  • Puu, Tönu

Abstract

The object of the work is to perform the global analysis of the Cournot duopoly model with isoelastic demand function and unit costs, presented in Puu [2]. The bifurcation of the unique Cournot fixed point is established, which is a resonant case of the Neimark–Sacker bifurcation. New properties associated with the introduction of horizontal branches are evidenced. These properties differ significantly when the constant value is zero or positive and small. The good behavior of the case with positive constant is proved, leading always to positive trajectories. Also when the Cournot fixed point is unstable, stable cycles of any period may exist.

Suggested Citation

  • Tramontana, Fabio & Gardini, Laura & Puu, Tönu, 2010. "Global bifurcations in a piecewise-smooth Cournot duopoly game," Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 15-24.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:chsofr:v:43:y:2010:i:1:p:15-24
    DOI: 10.1016/j.chaos.2010.07.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Chen, Liang & Chen, Guanrong, 2007. "Controlling chaos in an economic model," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 374(1), pages 349-358.
    2. A. Matsumoto, 2006. "Controlling the Cournot-Nash Chaos," Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications, Springer, vol. 128(2), pages 379-392, February.
    3. Puu, T., 1998. "The chaotic duopolists revisited," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 33(3-4), pages 385-394, January.
    4. Rand, David, 1978. "Exotic phenomena in games and duopoly models," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 173-184, September.
    5. Agliari, Anna & Chiarella, Carl & Gardini, Laura, 2006. "A re-evaluation of adaptive expectations in light of global nonlinear dynamic analysis," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 60(4), pages 526-552, August.
    6. Agliari, Anna, 2006. "Homoclinic connections and subcritical Neimark bifurcation in a duopoly model with adaptively adjusted productions," Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 739-755.
    7. Tramontana, Fabio, 2010. "Heterogeneous duopoly with isoelastic demand function," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 350-357, January.
    8. Angelini, Natascia & Dieci, Roberto & Nardini, Franco, 2009. "Bifurcation analysis of a dynamic duopoly model with heterogeneous costs and behavioural rules," Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (MATCOM), Elsevier, vol. 79(10), pages 3179-3196.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lampart, Marek, 2012. "Stability of the Cournot equilibrium for a Cournot oligopoly model with n competitors," Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, Elsevier, vol. 45(9), pages 1081-1085.
    2. Puu, Tonu & Tramontana, Fabio, 2019. "Can Bertrand and Cournot oligopolies be combined?," Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, Elsevier, vol. 125(C), pages 97-107.
    3. Gori, Luca & Sodini, Mauro, 2017. "Price competition in a nonlinear differentiated duopoly," Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 557-567.
    4. Tramontana, Fabio & Gardini, Laura & Puu, Tönu, 2011. "Mathematical properties of a discontinuous Cournot–Stackelberg model," Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 58-70.
    5. Cerboni Baiardi, Lorenzo & Lamantia, Fabio & Radi, Davide, 2015. "Evolutionary competition between boundedly rational behavioral rules in oligopoly games," Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 204-225.

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