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Modeling of a solar powered absorption cycle for Abu Dhabi


  • Al-Alili, A.
  • Islam, M.D.
  • Kubo, I.
  • Hwang, Y.
  • Radermacher, R.


In this study, the feasibility of a solar powered absorption cycle under Abu Dhabi’s weather conditions is assessed. Utilizing solar energy is very attractive since the cooling requirements are in phase with the solar energy availability. Using solar driven air conditioners would also reduce the dependence on fossil fuel based energy. The proposed system uses evacuated tube collectors to drive a 10kWc ammonia–water absorption chiller. Transient systems simulation of the complete system is carried out in order to select and size different system components. Based on the thermal analysis, the solar air conditioner system has a specific collector area of 6m2/kWc and a specific tank volume of 0.1m3/kWc. The selected system size requires about 47% less electrical energy than the widely spread vapor-compression cycles of the same cooling capacity. In addition, economical analysis is performed for three electricity costs. The collector area is found to be the key parameters in reducing the payback period of the initial investment. Moreover, the proposed system is found to reduce 12metric tons/year of CO2 emissions due to its energy savings.

Suggested Citation

  • Al-Alili, A. & Islam, M.D. & Kubo, I. & Hwang, Y. & Radermacher, R., 2012. "Modeling of a solar powered absorption cycle for Abu Dhabi," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 160-167.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:93:y:2012:i:c:p:160-167
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.11.034

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Al-Homoud, A.A. & Suri, R.K. & Al-Roumi, Raed & Maheshwari, G.P., 1996. "Experiences with solar cooling systems in Kuwait," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 664-669.
    2. Al-Iriani, Mahmoud A., 2005. "Climate-related electricity demand-side management in oil-exporting countries--the case of the United Arab Emirates," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(18), pages 2350-2360, December.
    3. Gebreslassie, Berhane H. & Guillén-Gosálbez, Gonzalo & Jiménez, Laureano & Boer, Dieter, 2009. "Design of environmentally conscious absorption cooling systems via multi-objective optimization and life cycle assessment," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(9), pages 1712-1722, September.
    4. Sharaf, A.M & AboulNaga, M.M & El Diasty, R, 2000. "Building-integrated solar photovoltaic systems—a hybrid solar cooled ventilation technique for hot climate applications," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 91-96.
    5. El-Nashar, Ali M. & Samad, M., 1998. "The solar desalination plant in Abu Dhabi: 13 years of performance and operation history," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 263-274.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mohan, Gowtham & Kumar, Uday & Pokhrel, Manoj Kumar & Martin, Andrew, 2016. "A novel solar thermal polygeneration system for sustainable production of cooling, clean water and domestic hot water in United Arab Emirates: Dynamic simulation and economic evaluation," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 167(C), pages 173-188.
    2. Tempesti, Duccio & Fiaschi, Daniele, 2013. "Thermo-economic assessment of a micro CHP system fuelled by geothermal and solar energy," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 45-51.
    3. Jayasekara, Saliya & Halgamuge, Saman K., 2014. "A combined effect absorption chiller for enhanced performance of combined cooling heating and power systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 239-248.
    4. Allouche, Yosr & Varga, Szabolcs & Bouden, Chiheb & Oliveira, Armando C., 2017. "Dynamic simulation of an integrated solar-driven ejector based air conditioning system with PCM cold storage," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 190(C), pages 600-611.
    5. Gowtham Mohan & Sujata Dahal & Uday Kumar & Andrew Martin & Hamid Kayal, 2014. "Development of Natural Gas Fired Combined Cycle Plant for Tri-Generation of Power, Cooling and Clean Water Using Waste Heat Recovery: Techno-Economic Analysis," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(10), pages 1-24, October.
    6. Jayasekara, Saliya & Halgamuge, Saman K., 2013. "Mathematical modeling and experimental verification of an absorption chiller including three dimensional temperature and concentration distributions," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 232-242.
    7. repec:eee:energy:v:141:y:2017:i:c:p:2321-2336 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Wu, Jun W. & Biggs, Mark J. & Pendleton, Philip & Badalyan, Alexander & Hu, Eric J., 2012. "Experimental implementation and validation of thermodynamic cycles of adsorption-based desalination," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 190-197.
    9. Chen, Guansheng & Liu, Chongchong & Li, Nanshuo & Li, Feng, 2017. "A study on heat absorbing and vapor generating characteristics of H2O/LiBr mixture in an evacuated tube," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 185(P1), pages 294-299.
    10. Mokri, Alaeddine & Aal Ali, Mona & Emziane, Mahieddine, 2013. "Solar energy in the United Arab Emirates: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 340-375.
    11. repec:eee:renene:v:110:y:2017:i:c:p:126-140 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Al-Ugla, A.A. & El-Shaarawi, M.A.I. & Said, S.A.M. & Al-Qutub, A.M., 2016. "Techno-economic analysis of solar-assisted air-conditioning systems for commercial buildings in Saudi Arabia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 1301-1310.
    13. repec:eee:renene:v:113:y:2017:i:c:p:907-914 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. repec:eee:rensus:v:76:y:2017:i:c:p:728-742 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. repec:eee:energy:v:141:y:2017:i:c:p:1555-1568 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Shirazi, Ali & Taylor, Robert A. & White, Stephen D. & Morrison, Graham L., 2016. "Transient simulation and parametric study of solar-assisted heating and cooling absorption systems: An energetic, economic and environmental (3E) assessment," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 955-971.
    17. Uday Kumar, N.T. & Mohan, Gowtham & Martin, Andrew, 2016. "Performance analysis of solar cogeneration system with different integration strategies for potable water and domestic hot water production," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 170(C), pages 466-475.
    18. Mohan, Gowtham & Uday Kumar, N.T. & Pokhrel, Manoj Kumar & Martin, Andrew, 2016. "Experimental investigation of a novel solar thermal polygeneration plant in United Arab Emirates," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 361-373.
    19. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:1:p:191-:d:126897 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. repec:eee:renene:v:110:y:2017:i:c:p:3-39 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. repec:eee:rensus:v:76:y:2017:i:c:p:105-137 is not listed on IDEAS


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