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Biomass resources for energy in North-Eastern Brazil


  • Anselmo Filho, Pedro
  • Badr, Ossama


Due to the high dependency on hydroelectric power generation, Brazil faced a power shortage in 2001. In order to remedy the situation and avoid more severe power crises in the future, the Brazilian Government launched incentive programmes to encourage thermal and renewable power generation. The Programme of Incentives to Alternative Sources (PROINFA) is mainly devoted to the utilisation of biomass. The success of PROINFA depends on the availability of reliable studies for assessing existing biomass resources and the viability of their utilisation for power generation. In this study, energy potentials of the main biomass resources in the north-eastern region of Brazil have been assessed. The economy of the north-eastern region of Brazil is heavily dependent on its sugar industry. Biomass available from sugarcane cultivation and processing represents an annual regional energy resource of 40.5 TWh at an average cost of US$ 0.005/kWh. Bamboo, cultivated as a dedicated energy crop, has the second largest annual energy potential of 30.8 TWh at an average cost of US$ 0.009/kWh. Municipal solid waste, generated in the region, has an annual energy potential of about 16.7 TWh.

Suggested Citation

  • Anselmo Filho, Pedro & Badr, Ossama, 2004. "Biomass resources for energy in North-Eastern Brazil," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 51-67, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:77:y:2004:i:1:p:51-67

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Blanca Antizar-Ladislao & Juan L. Turrion-Gomez, 2010. "Decentralized Energy from Waste Systems," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(2), pages 1-12, January.
    2. Zhan, Xiuli & Zhou, ZhiJie & Wang, Fuchen, 2010. "Catalytic effect of black liquor on the gasification reactivity of petroleum coke," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(5), pages 1710-1715, May.
    3. Al Arni, Saleh & Bosio, Barbara & Arato, Elisabetta, 2010. "Syngas from sugarcane pyrolysis: An experimental study for fuel cell applications," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 29-35.
    4. Zhao, Peitao & Shen, Yafei & Ge, Shifu & Chen, Zhenqian & Yoshikawa, Kunio, 2014. "Clean solid biofuel production from high moisture content waste biomass employing hydrothermal treatment," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 345-367.
    5. Joselin Herbert, G.M. & Unni Krishnan, A., 2016. "Quantifying environmental performance of biomass energy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 292-308.
    6. Malik, Monu & Dincer, Ibrahim & Rosen, Marc A., 2015. "Development and analysis of a new renewable energy-based multi-generation system," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 90-99.
    7. Faraco, Vincenza & Hadar, Yitzhak, 2011. "The potential of lignocellulosic ethanol production in the Mediterranean Basin," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 252-266, January.
    8. Lian, Z.T. & Chua, K.J. & Chou, S.K., 2010. "A thermoeconomic analysis of biomass energy for trigeneration," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 84-95, January.
    9. Devlin, Ger & Talbot, Bruce, 2014. "Deriving cooperative biomass resource transport supply strategies in meeting co-firing energy regulations: A case for peat and wood fibre in Ireland," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 1700-1709.
    10. Tao, Guangcan & Lestander, Torbjörn A. & Geladi, Paul & Xiong, Shaojun, 2012. "Biomass properties in association with plant species and assortments I: A synthesis based on literature data of energy properties," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 3481-3506.
    11. Smithers, Jeff, 2014. "Review of sugarcane trash recovery systems for energy cogeneration in South Africa," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 915-925.
    12. Ahmadi, Pouria & Dincer, Ibrahim & Rosen, Marc A., 2013. "Development and assessment of an integrated biomass-based multi-generation energy system," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 155-166.
    13. Mayerle, Sérgio Fernando & Neiva de Figueiredo, João, 2016. "Designing optimal supply chains for anaerobic bio-digestion/energy generation complexes with distributed small farm feedstock sourcing," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 46-54.
    14. repec:eee:rensus:v:81:y:2018:i:p2:p:2744-2758 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Grisi, Edson F. & Yusta, Jose M. & Dufo-López, Rodolfo, 2012. "Opportunity costs for bioelectricity sales in Brazilian sucro-energetic industries," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 860-867.
    16. Ahmadi, Pouria & Dincer, Ibrahim & Rosen, Marc A., 2014. "Thermoeconomic multi-objective optimization of a novel biomass-based integrated energy system," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 958-970.
    17. Liu, Jin & Wu, Jianguo & Liu, Fengqiao & Han, Xingguo, 2012. "Quantitative assessment of bioenergy from crop stalk resources in Inner Mongolia, China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 305-318.
    18. Cao, Liyan & Wang, Jiangfeng & Dai, Yiping, 2014. "Thermodynamic analysis of a biomass-fired Kalina cycle with regenerative heater," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 760-770.
    19. Cai, Junmeng & Liu, Ronghou & Deng, Chunjian, 2008. "An assessment of biomass resources availability in Shanghai: 2005 analysis," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 12(7), pages 1997-2004, September.


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