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Anaerobic treatment of apple waste with swine manure for biogas production: Batch and continuous operation

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  • Kafle, Gopi Krishna
  • Kim, Sang Hun

Abstract

This study evaluated the performance of anaerobic digesters using a mixture of apple waste (AW) and swine manure (SM). Tests were performed using both batch and continuous digesters. The batch test evaluated the gas potential, gas production rate of the AW and SM (Experiment I), and the effect of AW co-digestion with SM (33:67,% volatile solids (VSs) basis) (Experiment II) at mesophilic and thermophilic temperatures. The first-order kinetic model and modified Gompertz model were also evaluated for methane yield. The continuous test evaluated the performance of a single stage completely stirred tank reactor (CSTR) with different mixture ratios of AW and SM at mesophilic temperature. The ultimate biogas and methane productivity of AW in terms of total chemical oxygen demand (TCOD) was determined to be 510 and 252mL/g TCOD added, respectively. The mixture of AW and SM improved the biogas yield by approximately 16% and 48% at mesophilic and thermophilic temperatures, respectively, compared to the use of SM only, but no significant difference was found in the methane yield. The difference between the predicted and measured methane yield was higher with a first order kinetic model (4.6–18.1%) than with a modified Gompertz model (1.2–3.4%). When testing continuous digestion, the methane yield increased from 146 to 190mL/g TCOD added when the AW content in the feed was increased from 25% to 33% (VS basis) at a constant organic loading rate (OLR) of 1.6g VS/L/d and a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 30days. However, the total volatile fatty acids (TVFA) accumulation increased rapidly and the pH, methane content, and biogas production decreased continuously when the AW content in the feed was increased to 50%.

Suggested Citation

  • Kafle, Gopi Krishna & Kim, Sang Hun, 2013. "Anaerobic treatment of apple waste with swine manure for biogas production: Batch and continuous operation," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 61-72.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:103:y:2013:i:c:p:61-72
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.10.018
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bateni, Hamed & Karimi, Keikhosro & Zamani, Akram & Benakashani, Fatemeh, 2014. "Castor plant for biodiesel, biogas, and ethanol production with a biorefinery processing perspective," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 136(C), pages 14-22.
    2. Abudi, Zaidun Naji & Hu, Zhiquan & Sun, Na & Xiao, Bo & Rajaa, Nagham & Liu, Cuixia & Guo, Dabin, 2016. "Batch anaerobic co-digestion of OFMSW (organic fraction of municipal solid waste), TWAS (thickened waste activated sludge) and RS (rice straw): Influence of TWAS and RS pretreatment and mixing ratio," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 131-140.
    3. Zheng, Zehui & Liu, Jinhuan & Yuan, Xufeng & Wang, Xiaofen & Zhu, Wanbin & Yang, Fuyu & Cui, Zongjun, 2015. "Effect of dairy manure to switchgrass co-digestion ratio on methane production and the bacterial community in batch anaerobic digestion," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 151(C), pages 249-257.
    4. Mustafa, Ahmed M. & Poulsen, Tjalfe G. & Sheng, Kuichuan, 2016. "Fungal pretreatment of rice straw with Pleurotus ostreatus and Trichoderma reesei to enhance methane production under solid-state anaerobic digestion," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 180(C), pages 661-671.
    5. Riggio, Vincenzo & Comino, Elena & Rosso, Maurizio, 2015. "Energy production from anaerobic co-digestion processing of cow slurry, olive pomace and apple pulp," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 1043-1049.
    6. Li, Kun & Liu, Ronghou & Sun, Chen, 2016. "A review of methane production from agricultural residues in China," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 857-865.
    7. Deng, Liangwei & Li, Yang & Chen, Ziai & Liu, Gangjin & Yang, Hongnan, 2014. "Separation of swine slurry into different concentration fractions and its influence on biogas fermentation," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 504-511.
    8. Soltan, Mohamed & Elsamadony, Mohamed & Tawfik, Ahmed, 2017. "Biological hydrogen promotion via integrated fermentation of complex agro-industrial wastes," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 185(P1), pages 929-938.
    9. Bacsik, Zoltán & Cheung, Ocean & Vasiliev, Petr & Hedin, Niklas, 2016. "Selective separation of CO2 and CH4 for biogas upgrading on zeolite NaKA and SAPO-56," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 162(C), pages 613-621.
    10. Grima-Olmedo, C. & Ramírez-Gómez, Á. & Alcalde-Cartagena, R., 2014. "Energetic performance of landfill and digester biogas in a domestic cooker," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 301-308.
    11. Zhang, Fang & Zhang, Yan & Chen, Yun & Dai, Kun & van Loosdrecht, Mark C.M. & Zeng, Raymond J., 2015. "Simultaneous production of acetate and methane from glycerol by selective enrichment of hydrogenotrophic methanogens in extreme-thermophilic (70°C) mixed culture fermentation," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 148(C), pages 326-333.
    12. Borowski, Sebastian & Kucner, Marcin & Czyżowska, Agata & Berłowska, Joanna, 2016. "Co-digestion of poultry manure and residues from enzymatic saccharification and dewatering of sugar beet pulp," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 492-500.
    13. Elsamadony, M. & Tawfik, A. & Suzuki, M., 2015. "Surfactant-enhanced biohydrogen production from organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) via dry anaerobic digestion," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 149(C), pages 272-282.
    14. Browne, James D. & Murphy, Jerry D., 2014. "The impact of increasing organic loading in two phase digestion of food waste," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 69-76.
    15. repec:eee:energy:v:143:y:2018:i:c:p:488-499 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Browne, James D. & Allen, Eoin & Murphy, Jerry D., 2014. "Assessing the variability in biomethane production from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste in batch and continuous operation," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 128(C), pages 307-314.
    17. Zhang, Wanqin & Wei, Quanyuan & Wu, Shubiao & Qi, Dandan & Li, Wei & Zuo, Zhuang & Dong, Renjie, 2014. "Batch anaerobic co-digestion of pig manure with dewatered sewage sludge under mesophilic conditions," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 128(C), pages 175-183.
    18. Li, Yangyang & Jin, Yiying & Li, Jinhui & Li, Hailong & Yu, Zhixin, 2016. "Effects of thermal pretreatment on the biomethane yield and hydrolysis rate of kitchen waste," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 172(C), pages 47-58.
    19. Peng, Xiaowei & Nges, Ivo Achu & Liu, Jing, 2016. "Improving methane production from wheat straw by digestate liquor recirculation in continuous stirred tank processes," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 12-18.

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