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Industry upheaval and valuation: Empirical evidence from the international oil and gas industry

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  • Misund, Bård
  • Asche, Frank
  • Osmundsen, Petter

Abstract

Accounting literature suggests that contemporaneous earnings are more useful than current operating cash flow in predicting future cash flows and, therefore, also more relevant for company valuation. However, recent research indicates that elevated levels of merger and acquisition activity or a changing economic environment may reduce the value relevance of earnings. Using the oil and gas industry as a case, this paper examines how the oil industry upheaval in the late 1990s influenced the value relevance of financial statement information. We extend the literature by testing for a structural shift in the equity market valuation process. Our results provide evidence of a structural break in the value relevance of accounting information. In contrast to prior research, we find that the value relevance of cash flows actually decreased in the recent oil industry upheaval. On the other hand, the value relevance of book equity increased. Furthermore, we find that accounting-method choice (full cost versus successful efforts) affects the value relevance of accounting information.

Suggested Citation

  • Misund, Bård & Asche, Frank & Osmundsen, Petter, 2008. "Industry upheaval and valuation: Empirical evidence from the international oil and gas industry," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 43(4), pages 398-424, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:accoun:v:43:y:2008:i:4:p:398-424
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Magne Emhjellen & Petter Osmundsen, 2013. "CCS - Failing to Pass Decision Gates," CESifo Working Paper Series 4525, CESifo Group Munich.
    2. Silvia Gardini & F. Marta L. Di Lascio & Franco Visani, 2017. "How cultural and contextual variables affect the disclosure and transparency of pro-forma indicators," BEMPS - Bozen Economics & Management Paper Series BEMPS41, Faculty of Economics and Management at the Free University of Bozen.
    3. Misund, Bård, 2015. "Accounting for Oil and Gas Exploration Activities: A Triumph of Economics over Politics," UiS Working Papers in Economics and Finance 2015/15, University of Stavanger.
    4. Misund, Bård & Osmundsen, Petter, 2015. "The Value Relevance of Accounting Figures in the Oil & Gas Industry: Cash Flow or Accruals?," UiS Working Papers in Economics and Finance 2015/19, University of Stavanger.
    5. Bård Misund & Petter Osmundsen, 2015. "Probable Oil and Gas Reserves and Shareholder Returns: The Impact of Shale Gas," CESifo Working Paper Series 5687, CESifo Group Munich.
    6. Osmundsen, Petter, 2009. "Chasing reserves - Incentives and ownership," UiS Working Papers in Economics and Finance 2009/6, University of Stavanger.
    7. Nangia, Vinay Kumar & Agrawal, Rajat & Reddy, K. Srinivasa, 2011. "Business Valuation: Modelling Forecasting Hurdle Rate," MPRA Paper 60420, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2011.
    8. Bård Misund & Petter Osmundsen & Marius Sikveland, 2014. "Vertical Integration and Valuation of International Oil Companies," CESifo Working Paper Series 5061, CESifo Group Munich.
    9. repec:ces:ceswps:_4944 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:eco:journ2:2017-06-19 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Silvia Gardini & F. Marta L. Di Lascio & Franco Visani, 2017. "Opportunism in disclosing pro-forma indicators: rationale and contextual drivers," BEMPS - Bozen Economics & Management Paper Series BEMPS42, Faculty of Economics and Management at the Free University of Bozen.
    12. Asche, Frank & Misund, Bard, 2015. "Who's a major? A novel approach to peer group selection: Empirical evidence from oil and gas companies," UiS Working Papers in Economics and Finance 2015/18, University of Stavanger.

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