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Health care expenditures in Asia countries: Panel data analysis

  • Munic Boungnarasy

    ()

    (Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University. Economics Department, National University of Laos.)

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    Most studies on the link between health care expenditure (HCE) and GDP have been analyzed using data intensively from OECD countries, but little is known for other regions. The contribution of this paper is to present new results of several panel unit root and cointegration tests from 11 Asian countries using balanced panel data for the period of 1975-2006. The findings suggest the presence of unit-roots and cointegration in HCE and GDP in Asian data for both cases of with and without time trend in the regressions. This study also finds that the income elasticity varies largely from country to country either the short-run or the long-run. Moreover, the Granger causality tests suggest that only uni-directional causality (GDP cause HCE) does exist.

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    File URL: http://www.accessecon.com/Pubs/EB/2011/Volume31/EB-11-V31-I4-P287.pdf
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    Article provided by AccessEcon in its journal Economics Bulletin.

    Volume (Year): 31 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 3169-3178

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    Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-10-00578
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    1. Hansen, Paul & King, Alan, 1996. "The determinants of health care expenditure: A cointegration approach," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 127-137, February.
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    3. Pedroni, Peter, 2004. "Panel Cointegration: Asymptotic And Finite Sample Properties Of Pooled Time Series Tests With An Application To The Ppp Hypothesis," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(03), pages 597-625, June.
    4. Breitung, Jorg, 2002. "Nonparametric tests for unit roots and cointegration," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 108(2), pages 343-363, June.
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    7. Pasaran, M.H. & Im, K.S. & Shin, Y., 1995. "Testing for Unit Roots in Heterogeneous Panels," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 9526, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    8. Dreger, Christian & Reimers, Hans-Eggert, 2005. "Health Care Expenditures in OECD Countries: A Panel Unit Root and Cointegration Analysis," IZA Discussion Papers 1469, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. Levin, Andrew & Lin, Chien-Fu & James Chu, Chia-Shang, 2002. "Unit root tests in panel data: asymptotic and finite-sample properties," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 108(1), pages 1-24, May.
    10. Gerdtham, Ulf-G. & Lothgren, Mickael, 2000. "On stationarity and cointegration of international health expenditure and GDP," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 461-475, July.
    11. Blomqvist, A. G. & Carter, R. A. L., 1997. "Is health care really a luxury?," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 207-229, April.
    12. McCoskey, Suzanne K. & Selden, Thomas M., 1998. "Health care expenditures and GDP: panel data unit root test results," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 369-376, June.
    13. Albert Okunade & Mustafa Karakus, 2001. "Unit root and cointegration tests: timeseries versus panel estimates for international health expenditure models," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(9), pages 1131-1137.
    14. Fırat Bilgel & Kien C. Tran, 2013. "The determinants of Canadian provincial health expenditures: evidence from a dynamic panel," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(2), pages 201-212, January.
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