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Una Valoracion Del Grado De Segregación Socioeconómica Existente En El Sistema Educativo Español. Un Analisis Por Comunidades Autonómas A Partir De Pisa 2006




En este artículo se analiza el grado de segregación socioeconómica existente en el sistema educativo español. Para ello se hace uso de los datos suministrados por la tercera evaluación del proyecto PISA llevado a cabo por la OCDE. Se estudia la segregación debida a diferencias entre las características del alumnado que asiste a la enseñanza pública y privada, diferenciando los centros concertados y los no concertados (segregación intersectorial). Asimismo se cuantifica la segregación interna existente en cada uno de los tres sectores educativos (segregación intrasectorial). Los resultados obtenidos apuntan a un grado importante de segregación por motivos socioeconómicos en todas las comunidades autónomas con muestra representativa en PISA 2006. Los alumnos más selectos se concentran mayoritariamente en los centros privados, si bien su reparto entre las diferentes escuelas es bastante heterogéneo, especialmente en la enseñanza privada no concertada. En el sector público, los estudiantes presentan un perfil socioeconómico mucho más homogéneo entre los diversos centros, agrupándose en todos ellos los alumnos pertenecientes a los hogares de menos recursos económicos y culturales y los inmigrantes. This study analyses the degree of socioeconomic segregation in the Spanish educational system. For this purpose, data available from PISA 2006 have been exploited. We identify three different sectors according to ownership and public/private funding: pure private schools, publicly-subsidised private schools and public schools. We examine both inter and intra-sectoral segregation finding empirical evidence that students are not homogenously distributed neither between sectors nor within each sector. Our results point out that more select socioeconomic students are concentrated in private and publicly-subsidised private schools and also account for a very low proportion of immigrants with regard to public schools. Additionally, the comparison of the behaviour between those regions with significant sample sizes in PISA 2006 allows concluding a great homogeneity but some particular segregation patterns in some of these regions.

Suggested Citation

  • MANCEBÓN TORRUBIA, María Jesús & PÉREZ XIMÉNEZ-DE-EMBÚN, Domingo, 2010. "Una Valoracion Del Grado De Segregación Socioeconómica Existente En El Sistema Educativo Español. Un Analisis Por Comunidades Autonómas A Partir De Pisa 2006," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 10(3).
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:eerese:v:10:y2010:i:3_8

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. D. N. Figlio & J. A. Stone, "undated". "School Choice and Student Performance: Are Private Schools Really Better?," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers 1141-97, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
    2. Eric A. Hanushek & Ludger Wössmann, 2006. "Does Educational Tracking Affect Performance and Inequality? Differences- in-Differences Evidence Across Countries," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 116(510), pages 63-76, March.
    3. Ganzeboom, H.B.G. & de Graaf, P.M. & Treiman, D.J. & de Leeuw, J., 1992. "A standard international socio-economic index of occupational status," WORC Paper 85970031-d601-46e3-befb-1, Tilburg University, Work and Organization Research Centre.
    4. Dee, Thomas S. & Fu, Helen, 2004. "Do charter schools skim students or drain resources?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 259-271, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Krüger, N., 2011. "The Segmentation of the Argentine Education System: Evidence from PISA 2009," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 11(3).

    More about this item


    socioeconomic segregation; private versus public and publicly subsidised private schools; autonomous communities; PISA; equity. segregación socioeconómica; escuelas públicas; privadas y concertadas; rendimiento escolar; comunidades autónomas; PISA; equidad.;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I29 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Other
    • R19 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Other


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