IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Risikotransfersysteme für Naturkatastrophen in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz: ein theoretischer und empirischer Vergleich

Listed author(s):
  • Paul A. Raschky
  • Manijeh Schwindt
  • Reimund Schwarze
  • Hannelore Weck-Hannemann

This paper compares alternative risk transfer mechanisms (insurance solutions) in three countries, which were affected by the flood event in August 2005, namely Germany, Austria and Switzerland. The comparison focuses on the ability of the institutional solutions to dampen economic shocks caused by natural hazard events. First, idealized types of obligatory insurance systems are evaluated by their liability to the economic problems of adverse selection, moral hazard, charity hazard and transaction costs. The results suggest that an obligatory insurance system with integrated prevention is able to overcome these problems the best. Second, a comparison of risk transfer mechanisms used in Germany, Austria and Switzerland shows that the Swiss system is capable to solve losses by acting comprehensive, fast and efficient. Diese Arbeit analysiert, inwieweit die unterschiedlichen Risikotransfersysteme dreier vom Augusthochwasser 2005 betroffener Länder, Deutschland (reine Marktlösung mit ergänzender staatlicher Notfallhilfe), Österreich (steuerfinanzierter Katastrophenfonds mit ergänzenden Marktangeboten) und Schweiz (Pflichtversicherung mit integrierter Prävention), geeignet sind, volkswirtschaftliche Störimpulse durch Naturereignisse zu reduzieren. Eine Gegenüberstellung von Idealtypen der Versicherungspflicht lässt den Schluss zu, dass Pflichtversicherungen eine relativ geringe Anfälligkeit für die versicherungsökonomischen Probleme der Negativauslese, des Moral- und des Charity Hazards sowie geringere Transaktionskosten aufweisen. Darüber hinaus deutet ein realtypischer Vergleich der drei Risikotransfersysteme anhand von ausgewählten Kennzahlen auf eine höhere Fähigkeit des Schweizer Pflichtversicherungssystems hin, Hochwasserschäden umfassend, schnell und effizient zu beheben.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 77 (2008)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 53-68

in new window

Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:77-4-4
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Mohrenstraße 58, D-10117 Berlin

Phone: xx49-30-89789-0
Fax: xx49-30-89789-200
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Browne, Mark J & Hoyt, Robert E, 2000. "The Demand for Flood Insurance: Empirical Evidence," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 20(3), pages 291-306, May.
  2. Thomas A. Garrett & Russell S. Sobel, 2003. "The Political Economy of FEMA Disaster Payments," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 41(3), pages 496-509, July.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:77-4-4. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bibliothek)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.