IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/diw/diwvjh/73-20-6.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Der Fall Russland: Korruption als Kollateralschaden der Transformation?

Author

Listed:
  • Petra Stykow

Abstract

Corruption economics usually attributes the pervasiveness of corruption in post-communist Russia to the shortcomings of market reforms. While this seems to be an adequate explanation of the dramatic increase of monetarized corruption during transition, it misses the other side of the coin: In addition to "market corruption" Russia is plagued by clientelistic "parochial corruption", a consequence of the incomplete separation between political and economic spheres. Not eliminated during the early 1990s, this intertwining of business and politics has been reinforced during the last few years, accompanied by increasing levels of parochial corruption. Hence, combating corruption of both forms needs more than merely anti-corruption strategies, namely the redefinition of relationships between state and society as cornerstone of democratic institution-building. While Putin's neo-authoritarian reconstitution of the Russian state actually may yield effective campaigns against market corruption, the prospects to contain parochial corruption remain rather bleak. Der Mainstream der Korruptionsforschung schreibt das hohe Ausmaß an Korruption im postkommunistischen Russland dem Design und der Umsetzung der Marktreformen seit Anfang der 90er Jahre zu. Tatsächlich kann die Zunahme von Bestechung den Turbulenzen des Übergangs plausibel zugerechnet werden. Erweitert man die Betrachtung jedoch um die klientelistisch regulierte "parochiale Korruption", dann ist zwar deren Weiterexistenz den Mängeln der Reformpolitik anzulasten, nicht aber ihre Ursache. Diese liegt vielmehr in der unvollständigen Ausdifferenzierung der Sphären "Politik" und "Wirtschaft". Die Verflechtung beider Bereiche hat in Russland eine lange Tradition, die durch die Reformen bisher nicht gebrochen wurde und sich in jüngster Zeit wieder verstärkt hat. Die Aussichten erfolgreicher Korruptionsbekämpfung müssen deshalb auch unter der demokratietheoretischen Perspektive des Verhältnisses von Staat und Gesellschaft bewertet werden: Angesichts der neoautoritären Rekonstituierungstendenzen des russischen Staates unter Putin stehen sie unter Umständen günstig für die Eindämmung marktförmiger, nicht aber parochialer Korruption.

Suggested Citation

  • Petra Stykow, 2004. "Der Fall Russland: Korruption als Kollateralschaden der Transformation?," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 73(2), pages 247-262.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:73-20-6
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.73.2.247
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Frey, Bruno S & Oberholzer-Gee, Felix, 1997. "The Cost of Price Incentives: An Empirical Analysis of Motivation Crowding-Out," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(4), pages 746-755, September.
    2. Klaus Abbink & Bernd Irlenbusch & Elke Renner, 2002. "An Experimental Bribery Game," Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 18(2), pages 428-454, October.
    3. Klaus Abbink & Heike Hennig-Schmidt, 2006. "Neutral versus loaded instructions in a bribery experiment," Experimental Economics, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 9(2), pages 103-121, June.
    4. Günther G. Schulze & Björn Frank, 2003. "Deterrence versus intrinsic motivation: Experimental evidence on the determinants of corruptibility," Economics of Governance, Springer, vol. 4(2), pages 143-160, August.
    5. Fehr, Ernst & Gachter, Simon, 1998. "Reciprocity and economics: The economic implications of Homo Reciprocans1," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 42(3-5), pages 845-859, May.
    6. Abigail Barr & Magnus Lindelow & Pieter Serneels, 2003. "To serve the community or oneself: the public servant's dilemma," CSAE Working Paper Series 2003-11, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
    7. Klaus Abbink & Heike Hennig-Schmidt, 2006. "Neutral versus loaded instructions in a bribery experiment," Experimental Economics, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 9(2), pages 103-121, June.
    8. Frank, Bjorn & Schulze, Gunther G., 2000. "Does economics make citizens corrupt?," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 101-113, September.
    9. Klaus Abbink, 2000. "Fair Salaries and the Moral Costs of Corruption," Bonn Econ Discussion Papers bgse1_2000, University of Bonn, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:73-20-6. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bibliothek). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/diwbede.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.