Les rachats d’actions au Canada:motivations et impact de l’activité économique
(VF)Cet article étudie les motivations des firmes canadiennes cotées à annoncer des programmes de rachat d’actions et l’impact de l’activité économique sur ce comportement. La distribution des flux monétaires excédentaires, l’envoi d’un signal ainsi que la prévention de la dilution du bénéfice par action sont les principales motivations de ces opérations. Par ailleurs, l’étude montre que le niveau de l’activité économique a un impact sur ces motivations. Ainsi, en période de faible croissance, la motivation principale est de réduire l’asymétrie d’information, alors qu’en période de forte croissance, il s’agit plutôt d’éviter la dilution du BPA.(VA)The object of this paper is to identify the incentives of publicly traded Canadian firms to announce repurchases of their own shares and to evaluate the impact of economic growth on this decision. Firms an-nounce share repurchases to distrib-ute free cash flow, to send a signal and to prevent dilution of earnings per shares. Economic activity has an impact on those motivations. In a pe-riod of low economic growth, the principal motivation is to reduce asymmetric information while in a period of high economic growth, firms repurchase their shares in order to prevent diluting earnings per share.
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