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Labor-market status, migrant status and first childbearing in Sweden

Author

Listed:
  • Karin E. Lundström

    (Statistiska centralbyrån (Statistics Sweden))

  • Gunnar Andersson

    (Stockholms Universitet)

Abstract

During recent decades fertility in Sweden has evolved in tandem with the business cycle. Supported by social policies, both women and men tend to postpone starting a family until they have acquired a secure job with decent earnings. In this study we add to previous research by investigating how the stability of employment matters in first-birth decisions for women and men and for Swedish- and foreign-born people in Sweden. We use a combination of Labor Force Survey data on employment and register data on demographic behavior to disentangle the various dimensions of labor market status, gender and migration status in first birth behavior. Our study demonstrates that foreign born persons seem to adapt to the behavior of native Swedes and that patterns for women and men are largely similar. Swedish- and foreign-born women and men who are not in the labor force have reduced propensities to become a parent. In most cases, we also find reduced propensities of starting a family for those with temporary employment as compared to those permanently employed.

Suggested Citation

  • Karin E. Lundström & Gunnar Andersson, 2012. "Labor-market status, migrant status and first childbearing in Sweden," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 27(25), pages 719-742, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:27:y:2012:i:25
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    File URL: https://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol27/25/27-25.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gunnar Andersson & Kirk Scott, 2007. "Childbearing dynamics of couples in a universalistic welfare state: the role of labor-market status, country of origin, and gender," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2007-016, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    2. Pieter Bevelander & Helena Skyt Nielsen, 2001. "Declining employment success of immigrant males in Sweden: Observed or unobserved characteristics?," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 14(3), pages 455-471.
    3. Elisabetta Santarelli, 2011. "Economic resources and the first child in Italy: A focus on income and job stability," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 25(9), pages 311-336, July.
    4. Øystein Kravdal, 2002. "The impact of individual and aggregate unemployment on fertility in Norway," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 6(10), pages 263-294, April.
    5. Ariane Pailhé & Anne Solaz, 2012. "The influence of employment uncertainty on childbearing in France: A tempo or quantum effect?," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 26(1), pages 1-40, January.
    6. Berkay Özcan & Karl Ulrich Mayer & Joerg Luedicke, 2010. "The impact of unemployment on the transition to parenthood," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 23(29), pages 807-846, October.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Anja Vatterrott, 2015. "Socialisation or Institutional Context: What Determines the First and Second Birth Behaviour of East–West German Migrants?," European Journal of Population, Springer;European Association for Population Studies, vol. 31(4), pages 383-415, October.
    2. Michaela Kreyenfeld & Gunnar Andersson, 2013. "Socioeconomic differences in the unemployment and fertility nexus: a comparison of Denmark and Germany," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2013-008, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    3. Gunnar Andersson & Lotta Persson & Ognjen Obućina, 2017. "Depressed fertility among descendants of immigrants in Sweden," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 36(39), pages 1149-1184, April.
    4. Hill Kulu & Amparo González-Ferrer, 2014. "Family Dynamics Among Immigrants and Their Descendants in Europe: Current Research and Opportunities," European Journal of Population, Springer;European Association for Population Studies, vol. 30(4), pages 411-435, November.
    5. Eleonora Mussino & Ann-Zofie Duvander, 2016. "Use It or Save It? Migration Background and Parental Leave Uptake in Sweden," European Journal of Population, Springer;European Association for Population Studies, vol. 32(2), pages 189-210, May.
    6. repec:dem:demres:v:37:y:2017:i:19 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Peter McDonald & Meimanat Hosseini-Chavoshi & Mohammad Jalal Abbasi-Shavazi & Arash Rashidian, 2015. "An assessment of recent Iranian fertility trends using parity progression ratios," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 32(58), pages 1581-1602, June.
    8. Aksoy, Cevat Giray, 2014. "Are Fertility Responses to Local Unemployment Shocks Homogenous Across Social Strata? Evidence from England, 1994 to 2010," MPRA Paper 58292, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    fertility; labor market; migration; status; Sweden; uncertainty;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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