Labor-market status, migrant status and first childbearing in Sweden
During recent decades fertility in Sweden has evolved in tandem with the business cycle. Supported by social policies, both women and men tend to postpone starting a family until they have acquired a secure job with decent earnings. In this study we add to previous research by investigating how the stability of employment matters in first-birth decisions for women and men and for Swedish- and foreign-born people in Sweden. We use a combination of Labor Force Survey data on employment and register data on demographic behavior to disentangle the various dimensions of labor market status, gender and migration status in first birth behavior. Our study demonstrates that foreign born persons seem to adapt to the behavior of native Swedes and that patterns for women and men are largely similar. Swedish- and foreign-born women and men who are not in the labor force have reduced propensities to become a parent. In most cases, we also find reduced propensities of starting a family for those with temporary employment as compared to those permanently employed.
References listed on IDEAS
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- Gunnar Andersson & Kirk Scott, 2007. "Childbearing dynamics of couples in a universalistic welfare state: the role of labor-market status, country of origin, and gender," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2007-016, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
- Pieter Bevelander & Helena Skyt Nielsen, 2001. "Declining employment success of immigrant males in Sweden: Observed or unobserved characteristics?," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 14(3), pages 455-471.
- Elisabetta Santarelli, 2011. "Economic resources and the first child in Italy: A focus on income and job stability," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 25(9), pages 311-336, July.
- Øystein Kravdal, 2002. "The impact of individual and aggregate unemployment on fertility in Norway," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 6(10), pages 263-294, April.
- Ariane Pailhé & Anne Solaz, 2012. "The influence of employment uncertainty on childbearing in France: A tempo or quantum effect?," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 26(1), pages 1-40, January.
- Berkay Özcan & Karl Ulrich Mayer & Joerg Luedicke, 2010. "The impact of unemployment on the transition to parenthood," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 23(29), pages 807-846, October.
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